Table of Contents
Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid), a semi-essential amino acid that exists in the human body and numerous other living creatures, is utilized as a green bio-organic driver for the promotion of the Knoevenagel reaction in between aldehydes and malononitrile. In the same way, tetraketones can also be produced through a Knoevenagel response. 2-Amino-3-cyano-4H-pyran derivatives are just prepared by means of a three-component response in the existence of taurine as the driver. All these responses are performed in water, a green solvent. The benefits of using of taurine as the catalyst are it is eco-friendly, low cost, commercially offered, simple to separate from the reaction mix, and has high reusability. Use of this driver leads to appropriate reaction times, high yields and high purities of the acquired items without making use of any organic solvents.
The progress of science has been increasingly more towards environmentally suitable, or “green” procedures, with specific focus on catalysts and other materials in natural chemistry. One element of these topics is the application of an alternative reaction medium that is free from the problems related to the various conventional volatile solvents. Utilizing this type of media may likewise increase the possibility of separation and reuse of the catalyst. From the perspective of green chemistry, it is much better to perform the responses under solvent-free conditions, however when solvent is needed, water is the very best choice. In addition to environmental issues, chemists choose to use water as a solvent due to its financial benefits and usually simple separation and work-up conditions. Additionally, all biological responses are known to take place in liquid media. Moreover, various natural reactions continue much faster and better in water than in organic solvents.
2-Aminoethane sulfonic acid, or taurine, is an amino acid that is found in high concentration in the tissues of animals. It is one of the constituent members of bile, which can be found in the large intestinal tract and its quantity in the average is one-tenth percent of the total weight of the body. Taurine appellation refers to its very first seclusion from ox bile, named Bos taurus. The concentration of taurine in mammalian organs is greater in contrast with the other types of the animals; its concentration in bugs and arthropods is less than that in mammals, whereas in plants and germs, its concentration is minimal. Red algae, although not the brown or green ones, include high levels of taurine and its N-( 1-carboxylated) derivatives, but lichens, mushrooms, mosses, and ferns have very low concentrations of this amino acid.
In contrast with other homologue amino acids, taurine is structurally various. It is a β-amino acid with a sulfonic acid group instead of a carboxylic acid group. This difference increases its level of acidity, i.e., in the range of mineral acids (pKa = 1.5), compared to carboxylic acid homologues, and unlike those homologues that are not dissociated at biological pH, taurine remains in a zwitterionic state at this pH level, which results in distinct biological residential or commercial properties.7 According to computational examinations, the neutral conformation of taurine exists in the gas phase, whereas its zwitterionic type exists in water media, which remains in arrangement with the experimental NMR analysis. Taurine has actually been utilized for several years as a component in energy beverages and nutrient supplements and has lots of biological homes such as osmoregulation, immunomodulation and bile salt development.
Really just recently, silica gel supported taurine was used in the oxidation of sulfides to their corresponding disulfides. Moreover, to the best of our knowledge, there are no other reports of the catalytic activity of this β-amino acid for organic transformations.In recent years, efficiency of basic chain reaction in liquid media has been frequently thought about, with particular focus on carbon– carbon bond forming improvements. A number of responses that have been investigated in this capacity are Diels– Alder, Claisen and Aldol condensations, and extreme additions.
The Knoevenagel response, i.e., treatment of an aldehyde with an active methylene group reported by Emil Knoevenagel in 1894, is one of the most essential and significant reactions for C [double bond, length as m-dash] C bond formation. This response appropriates for the preparation of alkenes with electron-withdrawing groups and its items can be utilized as intermediates for numerous other kinds of reactions. 
It was first separated in 1827 by two German researchers, Friedrich Tiedemann and Leopold Gmelin, who discovered the presence of the compound in the bile of an ox. The name, taurine, is originated from the Latin term taurus, which suggests bull or ox. 
System of action
Taurine is a naturally happening sulfur-containing amino acid. It’s especially concentrated in your brain, eyes, heart, and muscles.
Although amino acids are often described as the building blocks of protein, taurine isn’t utilized to develop proteins in your body. Rather, it’s thought about a conditionally necessary amino acid, implying it ends up being vital just in times of disease and tension.
Feel confident that, despite the common belief, taurine is not drawn out from bull semen or urine. Rather, it was first separated in 1827 from the bile of an ox. The Latin name for an ox is Bos taurus, which is where the amino acid’s name stem.
Taurine is discovered in some foods, and your body can even produce it by itself. For that reason, taurine deficiency is not likely in healthy grownups.
Nevertheless, because babies and babies can’t make taurine along with grownups, they depend upon taurine from breast milk or taurine-supplemented formula.
Taurine is an amino acid found in particular foods. Your body can likewise make it. It’s important just in particular circumstances, such as in times of health problem and stress.
Sources of Taurine
The main sources of taurine are animal proteins such as meat, seafood, and dairy. Plants include no appreciable amount of taurine.
Consequently, people consuming a vegan or vegetarian diet take in less taurine. They tend to have lower taurine levels than those who regularly consume animal proteins.
Even so, taurine shortage is not likely. This is thanks to your body’s ability to make taurine in your liver from other amino acids.
In addition to getting taurine from food, you can get it from some energy beverages. These typically supply around 750 mg per 8-ounce (237-mL) serving.
For referral, the normal American diet offers 123– 178 mg of taurine daily, while a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet plan– which includes both dairy items and eggs– supplies just around 17 mg of taurine daily).
The form of taurine utilized in supplements and energy drinks is usually synthetic, meaning it’s not derived from animals. For that reason, it appropriates for those consuming a vegan or vegetarian diet plan (5Trusted Source).
The primary dietary sources of taurine are protein-rich animal foods such as meat, fish, and dairy. Taurine is discovered in smaller amounts in some plant foods. It’s likewise contributed to lots of energy drinks.
Functions in your body
Taurine is found in several organs and has widespread benefits.
The primary roles of taurine in your body are:.
- maintaining appropriate hydration and electrolyte balance in your cells
- forming bile salts, which play a crucial role in food digestion
- managing minerals such as calcium within your cells
- supporting the general function of your main nerve system and eyes
- controling body immune system health and antioxidant function
Due to the fact that taurine is a conditionally necessary amino acid, a healthy adult’s body can produce the very little quantity needed for these important daily functions.
Nevertheless, your body may need bigger amounts in times of illness or stress. This may be the case in individuals with heart or kidney failure and in premature babies who have been fed intravenously. These individuals may need to get taurine from food or supplements.
In animal designs, taurine deficiency has been shown to cause eye damage, persistent liver disease, muscle weakening, and an increased danger of establishing diabetes.
Taurine deficiency in humans is uncommon, so its effects stay largely unidentified. Still, low taurine levels have actually similarly been connected with these conditions.
Taurine plays many crucial roles in your body. Although extremely unusual, taurine shortage has been revealed to result in severe health issues in animal studies. 
Foods High in Taurine
There’s no requirement to list taurine content on food labels. Here are a few of the highest sources of taurine.
One 3-ounce cut of broiled beef supplies 33 milligrams of taurine. Eating red meat in small amounts can provide protein, important B vitamins and zinc to your diet plan. Select lean or extra-lean cuts of beef like top sirloin, bottom round roast, eye of round steak or leading round roast to minimize fat and calories, per the Mayo Clinic.
Dark meat is where it’s at when it pertains to taurine. A 4-ounce serving of roasted chicken thighs has 222 milligrams, while 4 ounces of boiled chicken breast has just 16 milligrams. Dark meat, like the leg and thigh, might have more taurine, but they also have more hydrogenated fat and calories.
If you choose dark meat for its juicy flavor but are concerned about the results of excessive hydrogenated fat, try this fool-proof way to cook tender juicy chicken breasts in the oven.
Where the meat comes from matters in terms of taurine material. A 4-ounce serving of roasted turkey breast has only 12 milligrams of taurine while the dark meat from a turkey thigh has 334 milligrams.
Turkey does not have to be scheduled for Thanksgiving just– try among these healthy ground turkey dishes any night of the week.
4. Pork Loin
A 3-ounce serving of broiled pork loin has 48 milligrams of taurine. Pork loin is a good source of phosphorus, zinc and numerous B vitamins. One 3-ounce serving likewise has 70 percent of your everyday worth (DV) of selenium.
Selenium is a micronutrient vital for recreation, thyroid hormone metabolic process and DNA synthesis, per the National Institutes of Health. Follow these actions to prepare your pork tenderloin just like a chef.
One ounce of salami has 16 milligrams of taurine. Since salami is a processed meat high in salt, you may wish to find another way to get your everyday dose of taurine. Just 2 ounces of processed meat daily is linked to an 18 percent increase in colon cancer danger, per an October 2015 report by the World Health Company.
You’ll get 23 milligrams of taurine in each 2-ounce serving of canned albacore tuna. Tuna is low in calories, high in protein and an excellent source of omega-3 fats. Consuming 2 to 3 portions of omega-3 abundant fish each week is advised by the Fda (FDA), but not everyone must be eating this fish as often.
Albacore tuna is larger, lives longer and has 3 times more mercury than skipjack tuna, which is utilized to make “portion light tuna.” If you delight in consuming albacore tuna, the FDA recommends only one serving each week along with no other fish that same week for kids and individuals of child-bearing age.
Mussels, scallops, oysters and clams are some of the very best sources of taurine. In simply 6 raw mussels, you’ll get 655 milligrams of taurine. Just beware how you prepare your shellfish to retain the most taurine you can.
When raw, shellfish have high amounts of taurine, however a few of this amino acid can be broken down when prepared or processed. Taurine is water-soluble, so more will be lost when the shellfish is boiled or basted. Baking or frying keeps assists retain the taurine content.
One cup of low-fat milk has 6 milligrams of taurine. As the product of an animal and not the meat itself, the taurine in milk is much less than meat, fish or seafood.
You ought to go for 3 cups of dairy or dairy equivalents per day. One cup of low-fat milk has 23 percent DV of calcium and 15 percent DV for vitamin D, 2 nutrients that promote bone health and can help prevent the start of osteoporosis, per the USDA.
9. Energy Drinks
Taurine is typically contributed to energy drinks with the hope that it will improve cognitive and physical performance, although research study has yet to prove that the amino acid can in fact aid with energy levels. the average taurine material was 750 milligrams per 8 ounces serving. 
Female vs Male Taurine Considerations
Taurine is clearly implicated in many aspects of basic health. Nevertheless, health conditions might affect males and females in a different way. Many health problems affect just women, and some are more prevalent in women. Risk factors and naturopathic preventive strategies for that reason differ for females. Taurine might offer us with insight into some of these distinctions.
Plasma taurine concentrations in omnivorous human beings vary from 38 to 116 µmol/ L. The differences in levels of females vs guys have not been well-documented in the clinical literature.
A leading clinic and laboratory in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, steps and after that balances amino acid levels of both healthy and chronically-ill clients as a part of a clinical method to identify and improve a person’s metabolic and body immune system wellness. For over 2 decades and 10 000+ customers, this lab has actually observed low taurine levels in chronically-ill customers, especially females. In a non-controlled, case-series analysis, the lab examined the plasma taurine levels of 800 clients. The subjects were arbitrarily selected adults (50/50, women to males), of any ages and differing in health conditions from well to chronically ill, that had actually visited the center from August of 2013 through August of 2014.
The case-series analysis results are coincident with the center’s scientific observations in general, women had 11.4% less plasma taurine than men. One possible explanation for this observation is that these ladies generally had lower general total complimentary amino acids in their plasma. This showed true in looking at the overall plasma concentration of 24 vital and non-essential amino acids. Women were shown to have 2.6% lower levels of total plasma amino acids as compared to guys. This appears user-friendly, because guys are normally larger than women. Undoubtedly, the plasma volume per kg of body weight is 2.5% lower in females than guys.
In proportionately accounting for this body size difference by taking a look at the percentage of taurine to total plasma amino acids, ladies still showed 9% less taurine than men (percentage of taurine to total amino acids) (Figure 1). Therefore, the most likely explanation is that women in this scientific setting do undoubtedly have proportionately lower taurine plasma levels than guys. The scientific and medical reasoning behind this difference is more checked out in the following areas of this paper.
Taurine Metabolic Process and Synthesis Ramifications
Female Hormone Effects
Women are more at risk for a taurine shortage because of the presence of female hormonal agents that limit the production of taurine within the body. Usually, reasonable quantities of taurine are manufactured in the human body from cysteine. The female hormone, estradiol, depresses the development of taurine in the liver. Women who are on estrogen replacement, contraceptive pill, or are suffering from extreme estrogen might need extra taurine.
More females than males are vegans or vegetarians. Taurine is virtually missing in most plant foods. Vegans have actually been revealed to have roughly 22% lower blood levels of taurine than non-vegetarians. The rate of taurine synthesis is inadequate to keep normal plasma concentrations in the existence of chronically-low intakes of taurine precursors and/or cofactors.
Maternal and Kid Health
Taurine is an important amino acid for neonates, considering that they have a limited capability for its synthesis due to enzymatic immaturity. Likewise, due to the immature kidney in neonates, there is a relative inability to save taurine. Taurine is saved in the maternal tissues in early pregnancy for later transfer to the fetus in order to please the requirements of the fetus and the suckling infant for this amino acid. In human milk, taurine is the most abundant complimentary amino acid (40 µmol/ 100 mL of milk). Low neonatal taurine status adversely impacts later neurodevelopment of preterm infants. Reports suggest an increased incidence of pediatric health problems in children from vegan neighborhoods who take in little to no taurine.
Alcohol, at moderate to heavy levels, minimizes the transportation of taurine from mother to child by means of the placenta. This is one possible variable discussing a few of the repercussions of drinking during pregnancy.
Female reproductive system fluids include high concentrations of taurine, recommending that taurine contributes in pre-implantation embryo development.
Yeast infections are brought on by overgrowth of the fungi Candida fungus albicans. Candida fungus produces beta-alanine as a byproduct of protein digestion. Animal research studies have actually demonstrated that beta-alanine completes for reabsorption with taurine in the kidneys, thus lowering taurine levels.
Taurine is extremely linked in many elements of cardiovascular health:.
People with greater levels of taurine have significantly lower rates of passing away from coronary heart disease.
Taurine is a potential therapeutic target for cardiovascular diseases, preventing high blood pressure, stroke and atherosclerotic arterial diseases.
The authors of a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study suggested, “taurine is a reliable representative for the treatment of heart failure without any adverse impacts.
The accumulation of taurine in heart muscle under stress is thought to show the net uptake from plasma and not result from in situ biosynthesis. Once again this indicates that taurine is a necessary amino acid under different scenarios.
Administration of taurine has actually been revealed to decrease serum cholesterol levels in human subjects.
Bone tissue consists of high quantities of taurine. Taurine stimulates bone development. Second, it inhibits bone resorption, thereby preventing alveolar bone loss Current research study shows that vitamin B12 plays a role in regulating taurine production and that taurine controls the production of brand-new bone cells.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
Taurine is associated with glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and insulin secretion in topics with a history of β-cell dysfunction, such as females with history of gestational diabetes. Plasma taurine is substantially lower in ladies who have experienced GDM. Taurine concentrations are usually lower among diabetics than amongst healthy individuals43; nevertheless, these levels can be raised back to normal with oral taurine supplementation.
Information is accumulating relating to the effectiveness of taurine versus insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, and its problems, consisting of retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, atherosclerosis, and cardiomyopathy.
The gallbladder stores bile that is produced in the liver, and help in the digestion of fats in the small intestine. Gallbladder illness is specifically common among women who are receiving estrogen replacement therapy, considering that estrogen promotes the liver to eliminate more cholesterol from blood and divert it into the bile and, thus, the production of gallstones. Bile is made of bile acids and bile salts. Taurine is a major element of bile acids and assists to keep bile salts liquified. When there is a shortage of taurine, there is less bile acid, and thus the salts have the ability to form stones. Taurine has been displayed in animals to have a protective impact versus gallstones.
Through its function in calcium metabolism in the brain, taurine plays a major part in the release of neurotransmitters. Taurine might inhibit the release of excitatory neurotransmitters such as epinephrine, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine. With age, the neurotransmitter system carries out progressively worse, leading to issues with memory, learning and state of mind, to name a few things. A crucial part of this system is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). There is some evidence that taurine may increase GABA levels.
Maternal blood volume expands by almost 50% during pregnancy, significantly increasing iron requirements. The World Health Organization approximates that the worldwide occurrence of anemia amongst pregnant women is 42%.49 Otherwise, menstrual bleeding is probably the leading reason for iron deficiency. Taurine has been revealed to enhance the response to iron therapy in ladies with iron-deficiency anemia,50 although the system by which taurine improves iron usage is not known.
Natural Treatment Considerations
In view of the many beneficial results of taurine, ladies (and males) should be regularly checked for plasma taurine levels. Suboptimal levels necessitate increased taurine consumption. As we age, our bodies are less able to produce taurine, making supplementation essential. Plasma taurine reacts rapidly to dietary supplements in human beings.
Non-vegetarians typically eat 40-70 mg of taurine daily. Food sources of taurine include shellfish, fish, cheese, milk, wild game, pork, beef, lamb, dark poultry meat, eggs, many dairy products, and seaweed. Taurine is heat-sensitive and can be destroyed with extreme cooking.
Supplemental dosages in between 500 mg and 2000 mg have shown effectiveness. It is challenging to acquire this amount from standard dietary sources. The ceiling for toxicity is placed at a much higher level, and high dosages are well endured. It is recommended to first step the real plasma taurine availability of the private to ensure ideal supplements doses. Vitamin B6 is likewise important in the internal synthesis of taurine. 
Taurine is essential for an individual’s overall health. It is one of the most plentiful amino acids in the muscle tissue, brain, and lots of other organs in the body.
Taurine plays a role in several necessary body functions, such as:
- controling calcium levels in specific cells
- producing bile salts
- balancing electrolytes in the body
- supporting the advancement of the nervous system
An absence of taurine in the body may cause a variety of health issues, consisting of:
- kidney dysfunction
- developmental conditions
- damage to eye tissues
- cardiomyopathy, which is a considerable risk aspect for cardiac arrest
Possible advantages and dangers of taurine
Supplementing with taurine or getting a lot of taurine from dietary sources might have specific impacts on the body. These results might consist of:
Promoting healthy metabolic process
Taurine plays an essential role in metabolism and food digestion, as it helps the liver to develop bile salts. Bile salts assist break down fats in the intestinal tracts.
Bile acids are the body’s main way of breaking down cholesterol. Every day, an adult breaks down about 500mg of cholesterol and converts it to bile. To do this, it requires specific amino acids, such as taurine.
Securing the eyes
Taurine is the most plentiful amino acid in the retina of the eye and assists protect versus retinal degeneration.
The evaluation also mentions that lowered amounts of taurine may contribute in eye disorders, such as glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. The research recommends that doctors must consider taurine as a potential treatment for these conditions. However, scientists have yet to perform the necessary scientific trials.
Securing the heart
Taurine might assist those with heart issues to work out more.
Scientists have determined a link between a lack of taurine and cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy is a condition that causes the heart to work more difficult than it should. It is a significant danger element for congestive heart failure.
Taurine helped slow the progression of atherosclerosis in animals. Atherosclerosis describes an accumulation of fatty deposits or plaque within the arteries due to high cholesterol levels. This condition is a significant danger aspect for heart diseases, such as stroke.
Taurine supplements and workout in people with cardiac arrest. People who worked out prior to and after taking taurine for 2 weeks showed lower levels of blood cholesterol and swelling, compared to those who took a placebo.
Securing the muscles
The muscles contain high levels of taurine. It assists to ensure appropriate muscle function and secures versus muscle damage.
Taurine could also play an important role in the treatment of neuromuscular conditions, such as muscular dystrophy. However, there is a requirement for more research in this area.
Safeguarding versus brain aging
Taurine might have a protective impact on the brain. Taurine supplementation works to promote healthy long-term memory storage. According to the review, the amount of taurine in the brain decreases with age. Taurine supplementation might help to keep these levels across the life expectancy. Some scientists think that this could fend off particular age-related neurodegenerative conditions.
The impacts of taurine supplementation in mice with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). Some mice got the 6-week taurine supplementation, while some gotten a placebo.
Mice that got the taurine showed improvements in Alzheimer-like learning and memory deficits. More research is required to identify whether these very same benefits apply to humans.
Securing against neurological conditions
Taurine imbalance likewise seems to play a role in epilepsy, autism, especially in people who have actually experienced a brain injury.
Animal studies have actually regularly revealed that taurine assists minimize symptoms of neurotoxicity and neurological problems in rodents. Nevertheless, there is presently insufficient evidence to confirm whether taurine assists to safeguard versus particular neurological conditions in humans.
Improving exercise performance
Though there is limited research study in the location, taurine may enhance workout performance in some people.
Taurine supplementation would enhance exercise performance in skilled runners.
8 male runners participated in the research study, which involved a 3km time trial on 2 different events. Each participant took a taurine supplement on one occasion, and a placebo pill on the other.
Time trial performances were significantly much better after taking taurine compared to placebo. In general, the runners in the taurine condition saw a 1.7% improvement in their time.
Nevertheless, taurine consumption did not substantially impact heart rate, oxygen uptake, or concentrations of lactic acid in the blood. As such, it is still unclear how taurine improves exercise efficiency.
Improving markers of diabetes
Taurine on glucose and fat metabolism in diabetic rats. Rats that were fed a taurine-supplemented diet for 12 weeks showed the following enhancements compared to rats that received the placebo:
- minimized glucose levels
- enhanced insulin resistance
- lowered cholesterol levels
However, more research study is essential to identify whether taurine provides the same benefits in humans with diabetes.
Understand other components
In general, energy drinks that contain taurine likewise tend to contain high quantities of sugar. A diet that is high in sugar is damaging to health.
- quickly resting heart rate, or tachycardia
- irregular heartbeat, or heart arrhythmia
- throwing up
Energy drinks also tend to combine caffeine with other supplements, much of which have no recognized safety profile.
The negative health effects of energy beverages might be especially serious in teens and young people.
However, it is necessary to note that taurine may help to combat some of the unfavorable health impacts of caffeine. Taurine may protect versus the cardiovascular impacts of drinking too much caffeine in grownups. However, more research study is needed to confirm that this holds true. 
What are taurine’s primary disadvantages?
Severe adverse impacts have not been reported with taurine supplements. The greatest dosage used in a human trial was 10 grams each day for 6 months, and the longest human trial was 12 months and used a dosage of 0.5– 1.5 grams each day. Based upon the offered proof, it’s suggested that 3 grams each day can be consumed forever without risk of side effects. 
Side effects and security issues
taurine has no unfavorable side effects when used in the advised quantities.
Although there were no direct issues with taurine supplements, the death of athletes in Europe was linked to energy drinks consisting of taurine and caffeine.
This has caused several nations prohibiting or limiting the sale of taurine.
However, these deaths might be brought on by large dosages of caffeine or some other substances taken by athletes.
Similar to many amino acid-based supplements, problems might possibly take place in people with kidney problems. 
What other drugs connect with taurine?
If your medical professional has directed you to utilize this medication, your physician or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and might be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine prior to checking with your medical professional, healthcare service provider or pharmacist initially. Taurine has moderate interactions with a minimum of 35 various drugs.
This file does not consist of all possible interactions. Therefore, prior to utilizing this item, tell your medical professional or pharmacist of all the items you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist. Contact your physician if you have health questions or issues. 
Unique Safety Measures and Cautions
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Taurine is frequently consumed in foods. There isn’t enough reputable information to understand if taurine is safe to utilize as a medication when pregnant or breast-feeding. Remain on the safe side and adhere to food quantities.
Kids: Taurine is commonly consumed in foods. It is potentially safe when taken by mouth as medicine for approximately 12 weeks. 
Taurine is the most abundant amino acid you’ve never heard of. Strong evidence recommends that groups with the longest life spans take in greater quantities of taurine than those people in the remainder of the world. High consumption of taurine could be the underlying factor in the world’s longest-living populations– and for good factor.
Taurine supplements can reduce the destructive results of fat, glucose, and excess insulin. Taurine enhances and secures heart muscle cells and the system of capillary that supplies blood throughout the body, helping to secure against atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes.
And taurine safeguards vision and hearing. It can prevent and relieve seizures, and it has been revealed to treat the most common cause of liver disease in the United States.
With epidemiological evidence that it contributes to the longevity of notoriously long-lived groups, taurine belongs on the short-list of supplements needed for preserving ideal health in the face of aging. 
Taurine plays an essential role in numerous essential body functions.
Research study into the possible benefits of taurine supplements is still in its early stages, and the majority of studies involve animals. Researchers should carry out high quality human research studies to establish how taurine may impact human health.
However, taurine supplementation does not appear to trigger any significant adverse effects. However, anybody who is considering taking taurine should speak to their doctor for assistance, and to look for any possible drug interactions.