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Rhodiola is a plant. The root is utilized as medication.

Rhodiola is used for numerous conditions, but up until now, there isn’t enough clinical proof to identify whether or not it is effective for any of them.

Rhodiola is utilized for increasing energy, endurance, strength and mental capacity; and as a so-called “adaptogen” to help the body adjust to and resist physical, chemical, and ecological tension. It is also used for improving athletic performance, shortening recovery time after long workouts, improving sexual function; for anxiety; and for heart conditions such as irregular heart beat and high cholesterol.

Some people use rhodiola for dealing with cancer, tuberculosis, and diabetes; avoiding cold and influenza, aging, and liver damage; improving hearing; enhancing the nervous system; and boosting immunity.

Rhodiola is belonging to the arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and Alaska. It has a long history of use as a medical plant in Iceland, Sweden, France, Russia, and Greece. It is discussed by the Greek physician Dioscorides as early as the first century AD.

Some individuals use the term “arctic root” as the general name for this item; nevertheless, arctic root is in fact a trademarked name for a particular business extract. [1]

The History of Rhodiola Rosea

Have you ever became aware of rhodiola rosea? Also known as the “golden root,” rhodiola rosea is a root that grows in the more freezing climates of northern Asia, East Europe, and the Arctic. The Vikings and Sherpa individuals of ancient times turned to rhodiola to enhance their strength. Over the past 70 years, rhodiola has actually been an incredibly popular natural health supplement in Russia. However, many individuals in the United States are unaware that this root even exists. Today, we would like to dive deeper into the history of rhodiola rosea:

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greek doctor Dioscorides is thought to have actually try out the medical usages for rhodiola rosea in 77 ADVERTISEMENT, which he called rodia riza. His works are located in his text, De Materia Medica. Rhodiola rosea grows in freezing environments, so you might be wondering how it ended up in Greece. During the Bronze Age in Greece (13th century BCE), the Greeks crossed the Aegean Sea for trading explorations. They made their way to the land of Colchis, which is now the Republic of Georgia, which had the best climate for growing the herb.

Vikings And Rhodiola Rosea

The Vikings consumed rhodiola rosea in the hopes of boosting their endurance and strength. They required to keep their energy levels high so they might pillage and rob to their finest abilities.

Ancient China

In ancient China, emperors sent their constituents on expeditions to Siberia looking for “the golden root.” People brewed a tea from this herb in order to treat colds and the flu.

Siberian Usage

In Siberia, many people think that drinking rhodiola rosea tea will help people live long lives. Typically, newlyweds are offered the herb in hopes that it will improve their fertility levels along with motivate the birth of healthy infants. In fact, some Siberian families kept the location of their rhodiola rosea crops a trick. Never ever divulging the secrets to gathering a great crop, they would trade the herb for honey, red wine, and fruit.

The Name

The name “rhodiola rosea” was created by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1725. Linnaeus would prescribe this herb as a remedy for conditions such as headaches, hysteria, and even hernias.

The Family

Rhodiola rosea is a part of the sedum household (Crassulaceae), and is grown in cooler regions in Europe, Asia, and The United States And Canada. This plant can be found in the mountains of eastern Europe, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, and Bulgaria. In fact, this herb even grows in the mountains of western China and Tibet. In North America, rhodiola rosea can grow in Alaska as well as in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado, Utah, and Nevada. Believe it or not, this herb is even known to grow in Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, and Maine. [2]

How It Functions

Rhodiola includes a number of possibly active substances, including phenylpropanoids (rosavin, rosin, rosarin),; phenylethanol derivatives (salidroside [also referred to as rhodioloside], tyrosol); flavonoids (rodiolin, rodionin, rodiosin, acetylrodalgin, tricin); monoterpenes (rosiridol, rosaridin); triterpenes (daucosterol, beta-sitosterol); and phenolic acids (chlorogenic, hydroxycinnamic, and gallic acids). The existence of rosavin distinguishes the types R. rosea from other rhodiolas, and lots of items are standardized to rosavin content to ensure that they consist of the proper types.

There are numerous animal and test tube studies showing that rhodiola has both a stimulating and a sedating result on the main nervous system (depending upon consumption quantity); enhances physical endurance; enhances thyroid, thymus, and adrenal function; protects the nerve system, heart, and liver; and has antioxidant and anticancer homes. [3]


Three cinnamyl alcohol vicianosides (rosavin, rosin, rosarin) are specific to R. rosea. These substances, along with rosiridin and salidroside, are the 5 marker substances that must be present to reliably recognize R. rosea. R. rosea extract used in most scientific trials was standardized to a minimum of rosavins 3% and salidroside 0.8% to 1%, the naturally happening ratio in the plant. The phenylethanol derivatives salidroside (rhodioloside) and tyrosol have been found in the underground part of the plants. Flavonoids in R. rosea consist of rhodiolin, rodinin, rodiosin, acetylrodalgin, and tricin, in addition to other catechins and proanthocyanidins. Monoterpenes consist of rosiridol and rosaridin, and triterpenes include daucosterol and beta-sitosterol. Terpenes and unpredictable compounds have been isolated from R. rosea and include the important oil elements of monoterpene hydrocarbons, monoterpene alcohols and straight-chain aliphatic alcohols, N-decanol, geraniol (responsible for the rose-like odor), linalool, nonanal, decanal, nerol, and cinnamyl alcohol. Phenolic acids, consisting of chlorogenic, hydroxycinnamic, and gallic acids, are also present.

Adaptogenic impacts

Plant adaptogens, such as those from R. rosea, improved psychological and physical performance through stimulatory results on various physiological systems. R. rosea’s use in standard Ayurvedic medication for adaptogenic homes has actually been analyzed.

Animal data

rosea increased the survival of freshwater snail eggs versus induced stressors, including heat shock and oxidative and heavy metal tension.14 When administered to rats, injections of the plant extract prevented stress-induced elevations of beta-endorphins, adrenocorticotropic hormonal agent, cortisol, insulin, thyroxin, and triiodothyronine. R. rosea provided to rats increased swimming time as much as 159%, with enhancement continuing throughout the supplementation period.

Scientific information

Medical trials assessing R. rosea for psychological and physical tiredness have reported conflicting results. Positive findings were reported in a scientific trial conducted among 56 doctors experiencing fatigue during night responsibility and among students during stressful examination periods. Improved sleep patterns and general quality of sleep have actually been described with using R. rosea. A small (N = 15), randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover research study assessed the impacts of a single dose of 3 mg/kg administered 1 hour prior to a workout bike session that started with a 10-minute warm-up followed by a 6-mile time trial. Results were lower with R. rosea compared to placebo for the time required to finish 6 miles, heart rate during the warm-up period but not the time trial, and clients’ ranking of effort level. An organized review assessing the efficacy of R. rosea for physical and mental tiredness reported clashing scientific trial results for both conditions. Meta-analysis might not be conducted because the research studies utilized different instruments to measure tiredness. In addition, research studies had either a high danger of bias or reporting flaws that might have jeopardized their credibility. A placebo-controlled medical trial examined the result of R. rosea on tiredness for 42 days in 48 nursing students doing shift work. In this study, both a visual analog scale for fatigue and the RAND-36 Vigor subscale suggested that R. rosea increased fatigue.

Other trials evaluating the impact of R. rosea on physical efficiency suggested a favorable result; however, latest trials have actually reported no result on time to fatigue, cardiovascular results, tissue hypoxia, exercise-induced muscle damage, postponed onset of muscle soreness, plasma cytokines, or rate of adenosine triphosphate turnover for R. rosea extracts. [4]

Benefits of rhodiola

1. It can help in reducing stress

“adaptogens like rhodiola rosea increase the body’s versatility and durability to tension, empowering us to better manage and react to times of raised tension,” lucking explains. “rhodiola promotes stress reduction by modulating and adapting how our nerve systems reacts to acute tension.”

2. It can improve physical endurance

Rose mentions a research study that shows rhodiola may improve exercise efficiency. “it does this by reducing the perception of effort,” she states. “put simply, rhodiola may reduce your heart response throughout physical activity.” lucking adds that taking rhodiola before you work out may assist you to increase speed and oxygen capacity.

3. It can also help your cognitive efficiency

“scientific studies have actually found that rhodiola aided with psychological tiredness and complex cognitive and observant functions,” lucking says. “this includes aspects like short-term memory, estimation, concentration, associative thinking, and audio-visual understanding.”

4. It can lower anxiety

Rhodiola has actually been studied for its antidepressant homes and is believed to work because of its ability to support healthy neurotransmitter function. “rhodiola might prevent an enzyme called monoamine oxidase (mao),” lucking states. “mao is associated with the oxidative breakdown of neurotransmitters including serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. The compounds in rhodiola also act as antioxidants, safeguarding particular neurotransmitters and boosting their function.”

5. It helps reduce tiredness

“fatigue is multifaceted. It can express itself physically and emotionally,” rose states. “rhodiola may help to improve how the body reacts to stress on a mental level. It does this by lowering fatigue and stabilizes stress hormonal agents in the body.”

6. It may have a favorable effect on blood glucose stability and metabolic dysfunction

Lucking states the salidroside in rhodiola serve as a natural anti-oxidant in our body and might protect our pancreatic beta cells from oxidation. “when evaluated in a study, the outcomes revealed that this anti-inflammatory substance improved blood glucose levels and relieved oxidative tension,” she discusses. “rhodiola may likewise balance blood sugar level by increasing the number of glucose receptors on our cells. This helps clear our blood of glucose rapidly and prevent the results of chronic high blood sugar level and insulin release. The systems can help to modulate different synergistic pathways that manage oxidative stress, swelling, mitochondria, autophagy, and cell death, as well as amp-activated protein kinase (ampk) signaling that is connected with possible advantageous effects on metabolic disorders.”

7. It might support immune function

“animal studies demonstrate that rhodiola may improve immune function,” rose states. “it does this by improving leukocyte count. White blood cells secure the body against bacteria, viruses, and other foreign intruders. However, up until animal research is equated into human studies, whether rhodiola can actually enhance the human immune system remains unclear.”

8. It might avoid cancer

There is some appealing evidence that rhodiola has cancer prevention advantages. “the molecular mechanisms of rhodiola rosea extracts’ action have actually been studied in addition to one of its bioactive compounds, salidroside, for anti-cancer residential or commercial properties,” lucking says. “rhodiola rosea extracts and salidroside alone have both demonstrated potential anti-cancer systems, especially in colon, breast, bladder, and liver cancer.” [5]

Rhodiola For What Ails You?

What can you tell me about rhodiola? I have actually heard it’s supposed to prevent tiredness and ease depression. Do you think it is worthwhile? If so, just how much should one take?

Rhodiola (Rhodiola Rosea), often called Arctic root or golden root, is thought about an adaptogenic herb, indicating that it acts in non-specific methods to increase resistance to tension, without troubling normal biological functions. The herb Rhodiola rosea grows at high elevations in the arctic locations of Europe and Asia, and its root has actually been utilized in traditional medicine in Russia and the Scandinavian nations for centuries. Research studies of Rhodiola rosea’s medical applications have actually appeared in the clinical literature of Sweden, Norway, France, Germany, the Soviet Union and Iceland. Rhodiola rosea is still extensively used in Russia as a tonic and treatment for fatigue, bad attention span, and reduced memory; it is also believed to make workers more productive. In Sweden and other Scandinavian countries it is used to increase the capacity for psychological work and to enhance basic strength and vigor.

As for rhodiola extract advantages, a 2002 review in HerbalGram, the journal of the American Botanical Council, reported that numerous research studies of rhodiola in both people and animals have suggested that it helps avoid fatigue, tension, and the destructive effects of oxygen deprivation. Proof likewise suggests that it functions as an antioxidant, enhances body immune system function, and can increase sexual energy. Rhodiola’s efficacy was verified in a 2011 review of 11 placebo-controlled human studies. The reviewers thought about studies that all had research study designs ranked as moderate to good quality, and the analysis of their combined data concluded that Rhodiola rosea might have beneficial effects on physical efficiency, mental efficiency, and specific psychological health conditions. The customers kept in mind that really couple of unfavorable occasions are reported, recommending a good security profile. [6]

What we don’t understand about Rhodiola extract

While some studies claim to have actually evaluated using Rhodiola in cancer treatment, a lot of have analyzed the impact on animals or under lab conditions just– never ever in people. Carrying out a proper research study in human beings with cancer can be problematic for clinical and ethical reasons. So, while there’s currently no strong evidence for utilizing Rhodiola as a treatment for cancer in humans, future research study may expose extra health advantages.

Is Rhodiola rosea an adaptogen?

Rhodiola rosea is considered to be an adaptogen, suggesting it may help your body handle mental and physical stress factors. Traditional Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine think about adaptogens to be compounds that fulfill an individual’s particular needs, whatever they may be (Khanum, 2006).

Sadly, sound scientific techniques have yet to verify this spectacular quality in any compound. However as the healthcare and health market continues to broaden, more interest is being directed towards determining what benefits– if any– these compounds can bring to the table (Smith, 2018).

And while adaptogens may not have any scientific proof (yet), that hasn’t stopped scientists from striving to see what benefits they might use. Scientific trials have actually been established to examine a lot of these herbs’ purported abilities, consisting of easing stress, improving focus, combating cancer, and beating nerve system decline. [7]

Dosage and Preparations

The recommended adult dosage for capsule form of rhodiola rosea is 100 to 300 mg daily. There is not enough clinical proof to advise making use of rhodiola rosea in kids.

You need to read the item label about the proper dosage and speak with a healthcare provider to get customized recommendations.

What to Search for

Rhodiola rosea is generally taken in capsule form, however it is likewise offered in other types such as extracts and teas.

If you select to buy a rhodiola supplement (or any supplement), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) suggests that you try to find a Supplement Information label on the product that you buy.

This label will consist of important info including the amount of active components per serving, and other included ingredients like fillers, binders, and flavorings.

Lastly, the company recommends that you try to find a product that contains a seal of approval from a 3rd party organization that supplies quality screening. These organizations include U.S. Pharmacopeia, ConsumerLab.com, and NSF International. A seal of approval from one of these organizations does not guarantee the item’s safety or efficiency however it does offer guarantee that the item was effectively produced, includes the components listed on the label, and does not contain damaging levels of pollutants. [8]

Dangers and adverse effects

Though its therapeutic results have yet to be proven, the research studies on Rhodiola rosea all seem to concur that any side effects are mild.

Negative effects have actually consisted of:

  • dizziness
  • dry mouth
  • sleep issues
  • jitteriness

Jitteriness is a particular issue amongst those susceptible to stress and anxiety who take higher dosages of the supplement.

As it has a moderate stimulant-type result, Rhodiola rosea is not suggested for people who have bipolar illness or who are taking other stimulants.

One articleTrusted Source suggests that individuals can take the herb on an empty stomach 30 minutes before breakfast and lunch. Preventing it at night may help in reducing sleep problems during the night. [9]

How to Take

Supplementation of rhodiola rosea tends to describe either the SHR-5 extract in particular or a comparable extract, any that confers both 3% rosavins and 1% salidroside.

Use of rhodiola as a day-to-day preventative against tiredness has been reported to be effective in doses as low as 50mg.

Intense usage of rhodiola for fatigue and anti-stress has been noted to be taken in the 288-680mg variety.

As rhodiola has actually been revealed to have a bell-curve reaction prior to, it is recommended to not surpass the previously mentioned 680mg dose as higher doses might be ineffective. [10]

Security of rhodiola

Existing research findings recommends that rhodiola is safe and well endured. Current scientific research studies associate few major negative effects to rhodiola.

However, as of mid-2021, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had released six letters of alerting to makers of rhodiola supplements (32Trusted Source). Issues addressed in the warnings consisted of:

  • pureness
  • branding
  • making baseless health claims
  • not being approved as brand-new drugs

The FDA manages dietary supplements as foods, not drugs. It does not enable any supplement to claim to treat, treat, or avoid an illness.

All supplements, consisting of rhodiola, may have negative adverse effects. This is especially true if the rhodiola is impure or integrated with other herbs. Rhodiola may also communicate with other medications you might take or intensify another medical condition. Also, its results haven’t been checked in children, pregnant individuals, or other vulnerable groups.

Quality issues can occur when purchasing natural supplements. If you buy supplements, especially online, assess the source carefully. Also, contact a physician to be sure the supplement is safe for your specific health condition.


Try to find third-party accreditations to ensure your rhodiola supplement has actually not been adulterated with more affordable, less effective active ingredients. Some studies recommend that a dosage of 200– 600 mg each day may work and safe for some uses. Rhodiola, like all dietary supplements, is not FDA approved as treatment for any condition. [11]

Special Safety Measures and Warnings

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn’t enough dependable info to know if rhodiola is safe to utilize when pregnant or breast-feeding. Remain on the safe side and avoid usage.

Autoimmune illness: Rhodiola may promote the body immune system. This may aggravate autoimmune diseases, such as several sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and others. [12]


Rhodiola rosea is widely thought about safe with very little side effects. It has a large array of documented health gain from stabilizing state of minds to increasing energy levels. Its uses in conventional medication offer a peek into its possible recovery capabilities.

It’s a good idea to talk to a doctor, find an herbalist, or read up on adaptogens that you believe may work for you. [13]


  1. https://www.rxlist.com/rhodiola/supplements.htm
  2. https://www.ameriden.com/blog/the-history-of-rhodiola-rosea/
  3. https://wa.kaiserpermanente.org/kbase/topic.jhtml?docId=hn-3956007
  4. https://www.drugs.com/npp/rhodiola-rosea.html
  5. https://thethirty.whowhatwear.com/health-benefits-of-rhodiola/slide14
  6. https://www.drweil.com/vitamins-supplements-herbs/supplements-remedies/rhodiola-for-what-ails-you/
  7. https://ro.co/health-guide/rhodiola-rosea-benefits/
  8. https://www.verywellmind.com/how-is-rhodiola-rosea-used-to-treat-anxiety-3024972
  9. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319619#risks-and-side-effects
  10. https://examine.com/supplements/rhodiola-rosea/#how-to-take
  11. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/rhodiola-rosea
  12. https://www.eatthis.com/rhodiola-benefits/
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