Table of Contents
Other name( s):
Champignon dansant, champignon des fous dansants, champignon maitake, dancing mushroom, grifola, grifola frondosa, hen of the woods, hongo maitake, king of mushrooms, maitake, monkey’s bench, mushroom, return of investment des champignons, rack fungi.
Maitake mushroom is a fungus that has been eaten as food in asia for countless years. Individuals also use it to make medicine.
Maitake mushroom is used to treat cancer and also to ease a few of the adverse effects of chemical treatment (chemotherapy) for cancer. It is also used for hiv/aids, chronic fatigue syndrome (cfs), hepatitis, hay fever, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, weight-loss or control, and infertility due to a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome.
If you choose to collect maitake mushrooms, make certain you can tell them apart from poisonous mushrooms. This task is most likely best left to professionals.
How does it work?
Maitake mushroom includes chemicals which might assist fight tumors and stimulate the immune system. There is some evidence that it can reduce blood pressure, enhance cholesterol levels, lower blood sugar levels, and reduce weight in rats, however this has not been shown for human beings yet. (1 ).
What health advantages are connected to maitake mushroom?
Compared to other mushrooms, maitake has shown better lead to preventing and dealing with cancer and other health conditions. Maitake also has a favorable result on general immunity.
Maitake mushrooms are rich in:.
The mushrooms are also:.
Researchers are presently studying the distinct way the mushroom supports overall health and fights health problem.
What the research study states
Lab research recommends that maitake might work in treating certain diseases. More studies are required to verify its impact on people, but the current findings are promising.
A 2013 study shows that maitake d-fraction could be helpful in avoiding and treating breast cancer. Researchers suggest that this mushroom can combat the growth and recreation of malignant cells.
Maitake mushroom has been revealed to suppress tumor development in mice. It can likewise increase the number of cells combating against the growth. This recommends that it could also work in managing cancer in human beings when taken orally.
An earlier research study discovered maitake d-fraction, which is an extract, to be effective in killing human cancer cells. It was taken along with a protein that likewise combats cancer and prospered in increasing the protein’s efficiency.
Researchers in a 2013 study found that maitake powdered extract reduced cholesterol levels in mice. It was also shown to increase fatty acids that provide energy. Because of this, scientists thought that eating maitake mushroom may assist keep arteries healthy.
Type 2 diabetes
The results of a 2015 study showed that maitake mushroom can have a positive effect on rats with type 2 diabetes. Throughout the research study, maitake mushroom consumption had a favorable result on glucose levels of rats. This indicates the mushroom’s potential to deal with type 2 diabetes in people.
Maitake mushroom might also be useful in dealing with:
- Cold and flu infections
- High or low high blood pressure
- Immune function
- Side effects of chemotherapy (2 )
The maitake mushroom is discovered in northeastern japan however likewise grows and is cultivated in the united states and europe. It is a basidiomycetes fungi in the polyporaceae family (synonym, polyporus frondosus penis. Ex french fries). The maitake mushroom grows in clusters near the foot of oak trees and can reach 50 cm in base diameter. One bunch can weigh approximately 45 kg (100 pounds). Maitake has a rippling, flowery appearance resembling dancing butterflies, for this reason one of its typical names, dancing mushroom.
The polysaccharide beta-glucan exists in low amounts (0% to 0.2%) 2 in the majority of the mushrooms in the polyporaceae family (eg, reishi mushroom) and has antitumor activity. The d fraction of beta-glucan appears to be the most active and potent type of the polysaccharide, a protein-bound extract developed in japan. An md-fraction has now been described, also, with purportedly exceptional activity. Both structure-functional relationship and fractionation by anion exchange chromatography of beta-glucan8 have actually been reported.
Neutral, acidic, and water-soluble polysaccharides have actually been extracted from maitake, and their structure has been determined. Two various glycan conformations have been acquired from the plant. The beta-1,3- glycan grifolan conformation has been illuminated using magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Ascorbic acid analog and glycoside research studies have been reported. A lectin from maitake has actually been separated and defined. In addition, a grifolisin enzyme and the enzyme phytase have been explained and lysophosphatidylethanolamine has been determined in research studies analyzing apoptosis in neuronal cells.
Structural characterization of maitake extract constituents and carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of the fruit body’s constituents have actually been carried out.
Disease-prevention dosages of industrial preparations vary from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of whole powder daily. A trial among hiv-positive patients utilized dosages of 6 g/day entire powder or 20 mg cleansed extract with 4 g entire maitake powder. (3 ).
Conventional use (may not be supported by scientific studies)
Historically, maitake has been used as a tonic and adaptogen (a substance that revitalizes or reinforces the system). In addition to other “medical” mushrooms, such as shiitake and reishi, maitake was utilized as a food to help promote health and vigor.
Parts utilized & where grown
Maitake is a huge mushroom, which grows deep in the mountains of northeastern japan, as well as in the United States and Canada and europe. Famous for its taste and health advantages, maitake is likewise called the “dancing mushroom.” 1 legend holds that those who found the rare mushroom began dancing with delight. Others attribute its name to the way the fruit bodies of the mushroom overlap each other, giving the appearance of dancing butterflies.
Maitake is incredibly sensitive to environmental changes, which have provided many difficulties to those cultivating this mushroom. Nevertheless, japanese farmers have been successful in producing premium organic maitake mushrooms, allowing for larger accessibility both in japan and the u.s. The fruiting body and mycelium of maitake are used. (4 ).
Maitake mushroom nutrition truths
One cup of diced raw maitake mushrooms (70g) contains 22 calories, 0.1 g of fat, 4.9 g of carbs, and 1.4 g of protein. Maitake are an excellent source of vitamin d, phosphorus, and potassium. The following nutrition information for one cup of raw, diced maitake mushrooms (70g) is offered by the usda.
- Calories: 22
- Fat: 0.1 g
- Sodium: 0.7 mg
- Carbohydrates: 4.9 g
- Fiber: 1.9 g
- Sugars: 1.5 g
- Protein: 1.4 g
- Vitamin d: 20mg
- Phosphorus: 52mg
- Potassium: 143mg
One 70 gram serving of maitake mushrooms includes 4.9 grams of carbohydrates. The exact same serving size of maitake mushrooms supplies 1.9 g of fiber and 1.4 g of sugar.
For the serving size, this makes maitake mushrooms a high-fiber food. The fiber types offered by maitake mushrooms include β-glucans (beta-glucans), chitin, and heteropolysaccharides.
Maitake mushrooms consist of little fat, with only 0.1 gram of fat per serving, none of which is saturated or transfat.
Maitake mushrooms contain only 1.4 grams of protein in a 1-cup (70g) serving. Maitake mushrooms are not a complete protein source, suggesting they do not have a few of the important amino acids.
Minerals and vitamins
Just like other mushroom ranges, maitakes include numerous minerals and vitamins. A 70-gram serving supplies 20mg of vitamin d, 52mg of phosphorus, 0.5 mg of zinc, 7mg of magnesium, and 143mg of potassium. They also contain numerous b vitamins, including 14.7 mcg of folate. Maitakes are also an outstanding source of plant-based choline (35mg).
A one-cup (70g) serving of maitake mushrooms includes 22 calories with 74% of those calories originating from carbohydrates, 21% from protein, and 5% from fat.
Maitake mushrooms are a nutrient-dense food low in calories, carbs, and fat. Maitake mushrooms are a plant-based source of vitamin d, b vitamins, choline, and zinc, which are normally found more often in animal sources. They also supply other minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium. (5 ).
Maitake green tea
Green tea is a healthy powerhouse and research shows it can help you live longer and much healthier. There are several varieties of green tea and all can be utilized for this mushroom tea recipe. Japanese green teas will lend a sweeter, more vegetal taste while chinese green teas will be more earthy and vibrant. Shiitake mushrooms can be substituted for maitake if required.
- 10 grams maitake mushrooms
- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract or 1/2 a vanilla bean
- 1 tablespoon loose leaf green tea
- 8 ounces hot water
- Heat water in a large pot up until it reaches a boil.
- Include the maitake mushrooms and steep for 10 to 15 minutes.
- Turn heat to medium before including vanilla and green tea leaves.
- Steep for 5 more minutes.
- Strain the tea leaves and mushroom pieces using a fine mesh strainer. Delight in! (6 )
Why consume maitake tea?
Believe it or not, maitake tea is made with maitake mushrooms. They grow wild in parts of japan, china, and the United States and Canada and have been used in standard medication for countless years, thanks to its effect on general health and energy levels.
Why find out how to make maitake tea?
First things first: there are great deals of reasons including maitake tea to your diet can improve your wellness. But do not forget– maitake is effective.
Speak to your doctor about whether maitake mushrooms are right for you due to the fact that they can interact with other treatments. If you’re prepping for (or recovering from) surgical treatment, it’s a good concept to offer maitake a miss out on for a month approximately. In the meantime, check out these possible advantages:.
Maitake tea for the immune system
When it pertains to anti-oxidants, maitake loads a punch. Not only that, maitake is high in beta-glucan, d-fraction, md-fraction, and sx-fraction. These are protein polysaccharides that have actually been found to have a favorable influence on the body immune system. Coming into influenza season and with other bugs on the radar, you might do well to include maitake to your regime.
Keep in mind, both fresh, liquid and powdered mushrooms hold high antioxidant levels– and mushrooms have stacks of other benefits, too.
Maitake tea for heart health
Another powerful polysaccharide in maitake mushrooms is beta glucan. This fungis gem can help in reducing your ldl cholesterol (the “bad” one) without affecting your triglyceride (” great”) cholesterol levels.
You probably already know that having high cholesterol levels isn’t fantastic news. But lowering your cholesterol can increase your artery performance and lower your risk of cardiovascular disease. Much better cardiovascular health is absolutely good news!
Maitake tea for blood sugar
A 2015 research study found that maitake mushrooms had favorable results on rats with type 2 diabetes. Further study is needed, however it indicates maitake’s capacity to assist with type 2 diabetes and healthy blood glucose levels in human beings.
How to make maitake tea
If you like a basic, no hassle way to get the benefits of maitake tea, just include a teaspoon of powdered maitake medicinal mushrooms to whatever you’re consuming. Our creator, graham, is also a fan of the yoghurt approach. We asked him to elaborate and he stated “you just put it in your yoghurt,” which appears simple enough.
If you like something with a bit more pizazz, try these dishes on for size.
Organic maitake tea
Stir 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medicinal mushroom powder into 250ml of warm water. Sweeten to taste with honey or stevia– then take a lap around the garden. Mint, sage, and lemon all make fantastic additions to maitake tea. If you prefer a creamier drink, use hot milk or a milk alternative of your option.
Make your maitake tea a hot chocolate
Combine warm water with 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medicinal mushroom powder. Enable this mixture to steep for a few minutes. Leading up with 1/4 cup of milk or milk replacement, a teaspoon raw cacao, and a teaspoon of honey.
Blitz in the blender for a foamy top. (7 ).
Do not take if
You are taking blood sugar-lowering medications: maitake might increase their impacts in type-2 diabetic patients.
You are taking warfarin: according to a case report, maitake can interact with warfarin resulting in a raised international normalized ratio (inr). (8 ).
The dangers of maitake mushroom supplements
An extract of the maitake mushroom called maitake d-fraction is frequently offered as a supplement in tablet, capsule and liquid form. Other typically offered supplements consist of powdered, freeze-dried maitake mushrooms in capsules. Supplements may be labeled maitake, maitake d-fraction or beta glucan. Maitake mushrooms are also integrated with other ingredients in some formulas promoted to improve the immune system.
Promoters declare that besides normally improving the body immune system, the maitake mushroom can curb tumor development and improve the effects of chemotherapy in cancer clients. According to the american cancer society, much of the maitake’s reputation as an immune system strengthener counted on folklore up until current years, when scientists began studying the mushroom. Maitake d-fraction has actually revealed positive results on the body immune system in laboratory and animal research studies. There have actually not sufficed medical studies to draw conclusions about maitake mushroom supplements’ benefits and dangers to human beings.
Dangers of maitake supplements
Consumed as food in regular amounts, maitakes most likely don’t posture a threat unless you’re allergic to them, according to the american cancer society. There’s insufficient proof to determine any threats of taking maitake mushroom supplements in medical quantities, and the susan g. Komen structure advises against taking maitake if you’re pregnant or breast-feeding. People with an immune disorder need to also proceed cautiously. A small study of breast cancer patients reported in the “journal of cancer research study and scientific oncology” in 2009 discovered that liquid maitake extracts improved some immune system functions but depressed other immune functions. Maitake could also present risks to individuals with low blood pressure, bleeding disorders or diabetes, according to the komen foundation.
Interactions with drugs
Due to the fact that they might increase bleeding, beware about taking maitake mushroom supplements if you are likewise taking blood-thinning medications such as warfarin. Komen also advises against mixing maitake mushroom supplements with diabetes or blood pressure medications. Consult your medical professional prior to taking the mushroom supplements if you are on drugs that may communicate with the maitake. (9 ).
Supplement-drug interactions can be harmful and, in unusual cases, even life-threatening. Constantly consult your physician prior to supplementing and let them know about all drugs and supplements you are using or thinking about.
One case report documented a likely interaction in between maitake d-fraction and a blood thinner, warfarin.
Due to their anti-diabetic and blood pressure-lowering effects, maitake supplements might communicate with drugs for these conditions.
If you’re taking any of the above drugs, make sure not to take maitake supplements prior to consulting with your medical professional. (10 ).
Medications for high blood pressure (antihypertensive drugs) connects with maitake mushroom
Maitake mushroom may decrease blood pressure. Taking maitake mushroom along with medications that lower blood pressure might trigger high blood pressure to go too low. Display your blood pressure carefully.
Medications for diabetes (antidiabetes drugs) interacts with maitake mushroom
Maitake mushroom may decrease blood glucose levels. Taking maitake mushroom along with diabetes medications might cause blood sugar to drop too low. Display your blood glucose closely.
Unique precautions and cautions
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: there isn’t enough trusted info to understand if maitake mushroom is safe to utilize when pregnant or breast-feeding. Remain on the safe side and avoid usage.
Surgery: maitake mushroom may impact blood glucose levels, making blood sugar level control tough during and after surgery. Stop utilizing maitake mushroom at least 2 weeks prior to an arranged surgery. (11 ).
When purchasing maitake:
Search for extracts standardized to the d-fraction of maitake (derived from a polysaccharide called beta glucan). Commercial preparations typically offer 3 to 25 mg of standardized d– or md-fraction plus 75 to 250 mg whole powder per pill.
Disease-prevention doses of industrial preparations vary from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of whole powder daily.
None specified. Might think about half the adult dosage in kids aged 6-12 years.
Dr. Dwayne says:
I’m a fantastic follower in the immune-enhancing and cancer-protective homes of asian mushrooms, consisting of maitake. It is edible and tasty, and part of the recommendations in my anti-inflammatory diet pyramid. You must have the ability to find it dried or fresh in japanese markets, premium stores, or high end supermarkets or as extracts. (12 ).
Maitake is an edible mushroom taken in widely in asia as food and utilized in standard medication to treat diabetes and high blood pressure. Its extracts are commercially available as dietary supplements marketed to “boost immune function” and to deal with hiv and cancer. Beta 1,6-glucan, a protein bound polysaccharide, has been recognized as the active constituent. Maitake extracts displayed hypoglycemic impacts in a few research studies. Initial information also recommend that they may work in causing ovulation in clients with polycystic ovary syndrome.
In other studies, maitake showed antitumor effects, improved bone marrow colony formation, minimized doxorubicin toxicity, and prevented growth metastasis in vitro. In murine designs, orally administered extracts promoted maturation of hematopoietic cells to functionally active myeloid cells and improved peripheral blood leukocyte healing following chemotoxic bone marrow injury; and safeguarded versus cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression. A novel polysaccharide, mzf, was shown to cause dendritic cell maturation and boosted antitumor reaction; a selenium-enriched polysaccharide improved the antitumor activity of 5-fu; and a combination of polysaccharides and vitamin c was reported to cause apoptosis and autophagy in human hepatoma cells. Maitake likewise enhanced interferon activity versus bladder cancer cells and minimized inflammation associated with inflammatory bowel illness.
Furthermore, a maitake portion showed antileishmanial impacts; and a maitake polysaccharide has been reported to ameliorate lipid metabolic conditions by modulating gut microbial phylotypes and by managing genes associated with hepatic lipid and cholesterol metabolism.
In a little non-controlled research study, tumor regression or substantial improvements in symptoms were observed in half of the topics who took maitake extract. In a trial of postmenopausal breast cancer clients, oral administration of a maitake extract was shown to have immunomodulatory results; and to improve neutrophil and monocyte function in clients with myelodysplastic syndrome. More studies are underway to evaluate maitake’s anticancer potential. (13 ).