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Lucuma is an evergreen tree which is up to 20 m high, and has greyish-brown, fissured bark, which produces a milky white exudate. The end of branchlets and the petioles are covered with short, brown hairs. The leaves are simple, oblanceolate to elliptical, approximately 25 cm long and 10 cm large, and glabrous (or often slightly hairy on the underside) grouped at the end of the branches. Flowers are singular or in fascicles, little, axillary, with hairy sepals and a corolla forming a tube 1.0-1.8 cm long, greenish white, with 5 lobes, 5 stamens, 5 staminodes, a pubescent ovary, and a design 0.8-1.5 cm long. The fruit is globose, 6– 12 cm long, glabrous, and russet to yellow when fully grown; the pulp is bright yellow; the one to several seeds are 1.8-3.5 cm long, dark brown, and shiny. [1]

Folklore and history

Lucuma appears to have actually been cultivated considering that ancient times by the various native races of the highlands of parts of Chile, Peru and Ecuador. It was a crucial offering to the gods and even now it is still appreciated by native cultures. The Ayacucho and Cajamarcan people both have effective beliefs associated with the trees which are likewise still a major part of their diets.

Lucuma trees are depicted on pre-Columbian ceramics found at native burial sites in oastal Peru far from where it can be effectively cultivated. This suggests it has been a popular fruit traded in between cultures for a long period of time. It was certainly popular to the Inca (from whose language, Quechua, we get the name Lucuma) and was cultivated by them when the Europeans invaded.

Lucuma was recorded by the Europeans in 1531 as growing in Ecuador. It appears in the botanical record once again in 1776 when it was presumed solely grown in northern Chile. However in 1915 seeds were taken on behalf of the United States Federal Government from Ollantaytambo, a mystical pre-Incan megalithic city fotress. This suggests that either Lucuma production decreased throughout the initial European intrusion of the Americas or it’s seemingly sporadic appearance is an outcome of irregular research. Either way it was not quickly embraced by the invaders and has actually ended up being known as one of the “lost crops of the Inca”. [2]


Lucuma can be taken in fresh, out-of-hand, and has an unique, sweet flavoring. The skin and seeds are normally disposed of, and only the flesh is consumed. Though the fruit can be consumed fresh, it is more popularly dried and ground into a powder for usage as a sugar alternative. Lucuma powder has a flavor reminiscent of brown sugar and is utilized in cakes, muffins, bread, nut butter, and child food. The powder can also be sprinkled over yogurt, cereal, and oatmeal. In Peru, Lucuma is a favorite ice cream taste and is regularly blended with milk or fruit juice to make a shake or healthy smoothie. It is also combined to produce a rich dipping sauce for churros or a topping over dulce de leche. In addition to powders, Lucuma can be cooked into a paste for pie and other pastry fillings, or it can be utilized to flavor jams, syrups, and maintains. Lucuma pairs well with fruits such as bananas, lemon, pineapple, strawberries, and blueberries, chocolate, caramel, cinnamon, vanilla, and nuts such as cashews, almonds, macadamia, and peanuts. Whole Lucuma can be kept at room temperature level for 1 to 4 days, or it can be kept in the refrigerator for up to one week. The flesh can likewise be frozen for extended use.

Existing Facts

Lucuma, botanically classified as Pouteria lucuma, is a rare, ancient fruit coming from the Sapotaceae household. There are numerous naturally occurring ranges of Lucuma discovered throughout the Andean highlands of South America, and the fruit can be additional categorized into 2 subgroups called difficult or silk fruits. The fruits most frequently seen in fresh markets belong to the silk fruit subgroup, as the flesh is softer, sweeter, and more tasty. Lucuma is also called Lucmo and Eggfruit, which is a descrior offered from the fruit’s dry, yellow pulp, and Andean civilizations have used the fruits for centuries as a source of nutrients. In the modern-day, Lucuma has actually remained localized to its native regions, and the trees are typically seen planted near houses where the fruits are collected as required. In Peru, Lucuma is likewise being grown commercially on a little scale for drying and grinding into a powder. This powder is globally marketed as a sugar replacement and is increasing in popularity worldwide as an unique and healthy sweetener.

Nutritional Value

Lucuma is an excellent source of fiber to control the digestion tract and a great source of vitamin C, which is an antioxidant that strengthens the body immune system while providing anti-inflammatory properties. The fruits also consist of B vitamins, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and magnesium. [3]


Generally adapted to moderately dry locations, it can bear low temperatures upto -3 C. They are not tropical, nevertheless grows at temperature elevations between 9,000 and 10,000 feet (2,700-3,000 m) in the region of Peru. Seeing that, they are fairly hard tree, it is stated to grow in soils that are not so abundant. Regardless of there are great deals of variations amongst seedlings, these trees in Peru have actually been observed to bear upto 500 fruits weighing upto 1 kg each. [4]

Benefits of Lucuma Powder

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Lucuma is the fruit of the Pouteria lucuma tree belonging to South America. It has a hard, green external shell and soft, yellow flesh with a dry texture and sweet flavor that’s frequently compared to a mix of sweet potato and butterscotch. Nicknamed the “gold of the Incas,” lucuma has been used as a conventional remedy in South America for centuries. It’s most commonly discovered in powder supplement type and touted for its many prospective health benefits. What’s more, due to its sweet taste, it’s used as a healthier alternative to table sugar and other popular sweeteners.

Here are surprising benefits of lucuma powder.

More healthy than the majority of sweeteners

Lucuma can be consumed raw but is most frequently found in a dried, powdered supplement kind that’s often utilized as a natural sweetener.

One tablespoon (7.5 grams) of lucuma powder supplies.

  • Calories: 30
  • Protein: 0 grams
  • Fat: 0 grams
  • Carbs: 6 grams
  • Sugars: 1.5 grams
  • Fiber: 2 grams

Lucuma consists of less sugar however more nutrients than table sugar. More specifically, it has about half the carbs and 75% less sugar than the exact same quantity of table sugar. Lucuma powder likewise uses a fairly good amount of both soluble and insoluble fiber, unlike the majority of other typical sweeteners, such as table sugar.

Insoluble fiber adds bulk to your stool and avoids irregularity by assisting food relocation efficiently through your gut. Soluble fiber feeds your advantageous gut bacteria, which, in turn, produce short-chain fatty acids (scfas) like acetate, propionate, and butyrate. These are then utilized as food by cells in your gut, keeping them healthy. These short-chain fats likewise secure against swelling and improve symptoms of gut conditions, consisting of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn’s illness, and ulcerative colitis.

One tablespoon (7.5 grams) of lucuma powder likewise provides some calcium, iron, potassium, niacin, and vitamin C– though these quantities generally cover less than 1% of the Daily Value (DV). Still, it’s more nutritious than other popular sweeteners. Lucuma powder is low in sugar yet relatively abundant in fiber. It likewise includes smaller sized amounts of other nutrients, including calcium and iron.

Contains a variety of antioxidants

Lucuma consists of a variety of antioxidants, which are effective substances that assist secure your cells from damage triggered by highly reactive particles called free radicals.

Taking in a diet plan rich in antioxidants may assist safeguard against health conditions like heart disease and specific cancers. For example, research study shows that lucuma is especially abundant in polyphenols and carotenoids, 2 groups of anti-oxidants understood for their anti-inflammatory, cancer-fighting, and heart-health-promoting residential or commercial properties.

It’s specifically high in xanthophylls, a group of carotenoids responsible for lucuma’s yellow color that’s believed to promote eye health and excellent vision. Lucuma is likewise packed with vitamin C, a nutrient with antioxidant homes that plays many crucial functions in your body, such as supporting vision, a strong immune system, and heart health.

In addition, the polyphenols in lucuma are thought to provide strong protection versus persistent conditions like diabetes and heart disease. However, research study on the specific types of antioxidants in lucuma is limited, and more research studies are needed to fully comprehend the potential antioxidant advantages of this fruit.

Lucuma is rich in anti-oxidants, such as carotenoids and polyphenols, which might offer security versus numerous conditions, consisting of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

May benefit blood glucose control

In spite of being abundant in carbohydrates, lucuma may use some protection against type 2 diabetes.

In part, this might be because the majority of its carbs are complex. Carbohydrates can be divided into 3 classifications.

Sugars. These are short-chain types of carbs discovered in lots of foods. Examples include glucose, fructose, and lactose. They’re rapidly absorbed and can cause spikes in your blood glucose levels. Starches.

These are longer chains of sugars that get broken down into sugars in your gut. They take longer to absorb and are less most likely to spike blood sugar level levels significantly.


This is a type of nondigestible carbohydrate that’s broken down and used as food by advantageous gut germs. It helps preserve steady blood glucose levels.

Sugars are considered simple carbohydrates, while starches and fiber are thought of as complex. Complex carbohydrates, such as the starches and fiber making up the majority of the carbs in lucuma, have been revealed to promote healthy blood sugar level levels.

What’s more, the soluble fiber in lucuma might secure versus diabetes by enhancing insulin level of sensitivity and preventing blood sugar spikes after a meal or treat.

Moreover, test-tube research study shows that the blood-sugar-lowering systems of lucuma might be comparable to those of specific antidiabetic drugs.

It prevents the action of the alpha-glucosidase enzyme, which is responsible for breaking down complex carbs into basic sugars that tend to surge blood glucose levels.

Lucuma is often claimed to have a low glycemic index (GI), which implies that it would raise blood sugar levels to a much lower degree than other sweeteners like pure sugar.

If true, this would be another reason that lucuma may benefit blood glucose control. However, no research studies have actually verified lucuma’s low GI score. Similar to all sweeteners, it’s most likely best consumed in small amounts.

Overall, more research study is needed on the potential useful results of lucuma on blood glucose control.

Lucuma is abundant in intricate carbs and fiber and may reduce your body’s ability to absorb simple sugars.

This may help avoid blood glucose spikes and control blood sugar levels, though research study in this area is limited.

Might promote heart health

Lucuma may use some defense versus heart problem, likely due to its polyphenol content.

Polyphenols are helpful plant substances thought to secure against hypertension and heart disease.

One test-tube research study discovered that lucuma may prevent the action of the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE), which is involved in controling your blood pressure.

By doing so, lucuma may help lower high blood pressure.

Though preliminary results seem appealing, research study is lacking, and more studies are required to verify these heart health advantages in human beings. Lucuma includes heart-healthy polyphenols. Its ability to serve as an ACE-inhibitor may further promote heart health by decreasing your blood pressure. Still, more research study is required.

Can be used for baking or desserts

Lucuma powder can be utilized as a substitute for sugar in pies, cakes, and other desserts or baked goods.

Lucuma’s texture is comparable to granulated sugar, however its taste is more similar to that of brown sugar.

You can utilize a 1:2 ratio by volume to substitute brown sugar for lucuma. For example, usage 1 cup (120 grams) of lucuma for each 1/2 cup (200 grams) of brown sugar.

Still, you might need to experiment a little, as it may not work well for all dishes. Lucuma is likewise a popular flavoring for dishes like ice cream and other desserts. Plus, it can be added to yogurt, oatmeal, shakes, and homemade nut milks to provide a hint of natural sweetness sure to please adults and kids alike. Lucuma powder can be used as an option to brown sugar to prepare pies, cakes, and other baked products. It can also add taste to other foods, such as ice cream, oatmeal, and yogurt.

Easy to contribute to your diet plan

Fresh lucuma fruit might be difficult to find, but lucuma powder is commonly offered, both online and in health food stores. You can quickly provide lucuma powder a try by spraying a little over muesli, oats, or cereals. Additionally, include some to healthy smoothies or utilize it instead of sugar in your dessert or baked great dishes.

While lucuma can be contributed to your diet plan in lots of methods, keep in mind that research study on this supplement is limited, and its possible adverse effects are currently unidentified. [5]
It’s no surprise that lucuma advantages are far-reaching and impact the body on several levels. From balancing blood sugar levels and helping muscle recovery to minimize swelling and resisting aging, lucuma is a safe addition to practically any diet.

It’s an excellent source of vitamin b3 for energy and cognitive function

Literally every cell in the body needs niacin– also called vitamin B3– to function effectively.

Low levels of niacin will leave you feeling depressed, tired, and unable to focus. Poor levels of vitamin B3 can also result in headaches, diarrhea, and even skin issues. Including lucuma to your diet is a tasty way to keep your energy, focus, and psychological health on-track.

Helps assistance the body immune system

Lucuma powder supplies a decent source of vitamin C– especially when added to smoothies mixed with citrus fruits and leafy greens. To top it off, lucuma powder contains essential antioxidants to secure the immune system and ward away totally free radical damage.

Lucuma has prospective wound healing homes

If you can discover lucuma nut oil, keep a bottle handy in your medicine cabinet as a natural first aid remedy to accelerate recovery from minor cuts, scrapes, and burns. Studies show that oil made from lucuma nut (the pit found inside lucuma fruit) has effective fatty acids that can reduce swelling and speed up healing injuries when applied topically.

Enhances skin and ward away signs of aging

Regrettably, our environments are filled with toxic substances and contaminants that speed up the aging procedure by subjecting our skin to oxidative tension and complimentary radical damage. The wide array of anti-oxidants– including vitamin C– discovered inside lucuma make it an outstanding option for defending the body versus free radicals and oxidative stress.

Assists muscle recovery

When you think of foods to enhance muscle mass and help exercise healing, fruits usually don’t come to mind (except for bananas perhaps due to its potassium contents). Lucuma, however, is an extraordinary fruit for physical fitness lovers. Lucuma advantages muscle growth and function thanks to its high potassium levels and protein material. Keep in mind that each serving of lucuma offers anywhere from 2.5 to 7 grams of protein depending on the product.

Lucuma might reduce swelling

Lucuma decreases swelling in a distinct way. Yes, it includes potent antioxidants which fight swelling. Nevertheless, the fiber in lucuma also plays an important role in reducing inflammation.

The soluble fiber in lucuma benefits your essential gut germs. When your gut germs feeds on fiber, they produce short-chain fatty acids which not only resist swelling but also keep your gastrointestinal system healthy. [6]

It may support gut health.

Soluble fiber is crucial to maintain a thriving, varied gut community, and lucuma powder can be an ideal gut-supporting and gastrointestinal help. Its advantages even persist after the fruit is dehydrated and turned into superfine powder. Skimping on fiber consumption might damage gut germs populations, by increasing inflammation in the body and impeding appropriate bowel function.

Where to discover it?

Lucuma powder is easily available to purchase online and in Latin grocery store. Organic lucuma powder can likewise be discovered in the majority of health food shops specializing in dietary supplements. When stored in an airtight container, lucuma powder can last for up to 2 years unrefrigerated and away from direct sunlight. [7]

Lucuma powder advantages

Lucuma powder is an excellent source of excellent carbohydrates, high in fibre, rich in anti-oxidants and loaded with minerals and vitamins such as Vitamin B and C and Calcium. It’s low in fat, calories and sugar however adds a tasty caramel flavour and natural sweetness to dishes.

Lucuma powder dishes

So how do you use this superfood in everyday dishes? At breakfast, it can be contributed to healthy smoothies, yoghurt or bircher muesli. Some individuals integrate it with other superfoods such as agave nectar and mesquite to make a much healthier caramel sauce. Mix it with almond or sugar-free peanut butter for an instantaneous sweet reward or use it to include a caramel sweetness to raw slices. You can also utilize it in simple drinks such as fruit juice or coconut water. There’s even a present trend to put lucuma powder in coffee to offer it a sweet caramel flavour. [9]

How to consume?

This golden and creamy Vietnamese fruit can be bizarre to some foreigners. Nevertheless, if you take pleasure in the creamy texture of the avocado, there is a high chance you would fall in love with the rich and syrupy taste of the lucuma. Some suggestions to assist you select tasty ripe fruit for the whole household to delight in consist of: select the heart-shape, soft and ripe ones if you want to consume it right away. Do not be deceived by the stunning and smooth surfaces of the lucuma, since these ones are generally young and have a bitter taste when consumed. The skin of the lucuma is very soft, so you could peel it with your hand and enjoy the incredible taste in a blink of an eye. [10]

Is Lucuma Fruit an Excellent Sugar Substitute?

Lucuma powder is not as sweet as table sugar, honey, or stevia. As a flavoring agent, lucuma powder adds a hint of sweetness and a distinct maple-like taste to food. It’s popular in shakes, ice cream, yogurt, oatmeal, chia pudding, nut milks, and Peruvian lucuma ice cream, and it works as a sugar alternative in lots of baked goods.

Lucuma fruit also has more vitamins and minerals than artificial sugar alternatives. Lucuma powder is a natural source of vitamins, antioxidants, carbohydrates, and dietary fiber. It consists of vitamin C, vitamin B3 (niacin), beta-carotene, calcium, iron, and potassium. Nevertheless, one tablespoon of lucuma powder usually just consists of about one percent of the suggested everyday worth of those vitamins and minerals, which suggests you most likely won’t consume enough to enhance your body immune system or gain other health benefits.

Ways to Utilize Lucuma Fruit Powder

Lucuma powder doesn’t need any unique preparation– you can take it right out of the plan and mix it directly into everyday foods or beverages.

As a sugar replacement in baking: Lucuma powder works best as a substitute for brown sugar given that it tastes rather comparable. The general rule is to substitute double the amount of lucuma powder for the required quantity of brown sugar (e.g., one cup of lucuma powder equals half a cup of brown sugar). Since lucuma powder does not absorb water in addition to sugar, your batter or dough may wind up drier than intended. If this holds true, include more water or milk in small increments up until the moisture level becomes satisfying.

In beverages: Stir lucuma powder into your drink as you would regular sugar. The slightly sweet taste of lucuma sets well with more bitter herbal teas or coffee. To sweeten a single-serving healthy smoothie, utilize one to two tablespoons of powder.

As a flavoring: Mix the preferred amount of lucuma powder into oatmeal or yogurt, topped with cacao nibs, coconut shreds, almonds, or cashews. Lucuma powder is likewise a distinct flavoring representative for homemade ice creams and sorbets. [11]

Prospective Negative Effects And Allergies Of Lucuma Fruit

Moderate Hypoglycemia

Anecdotal proof shows that lucuma might trigger hypoglycemia (blood glucose levels lower than typical) in some people. Seek advice from a doctor if you have hypoglycemia and wish to include lucuma to your diet plan.

Allergic reaction

An itchy tongue, rashes, and headache were observed in a couple of people right away after consuming lucuma. However, the medical literature has actually disappointed any proof for this. To be on the safe side, stop eating this fruit and consult your physician if you experience any of these signs. [12]

The bottom line

Lucuma is a yummy fruit discovered naturally in the valleys of the Andes Mountains. While you most likely won’t discover fresh lucuma at your regional grocery store, you can enjoy the advantages of lucuma powder.

Lucuma powder is still packed with iron, protein, potassium, fiber, antioxidants, and other essential nutrients that your body requires to take in every day for optimum health. Get a back and begin enjoying the numerous lucuma advantages today. [13]


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