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Durian is an evergreen, tropical tree found in southeast asia. The unique fruit has a spiky outer covering and smells of rotten eggs. The fruit, bark, roots, and leaves are used to make medication.

Individuals utilize durian for fever, hypertension, liver illness, and lots of other conditions, but there is no good clinical proof to support these uses. [2]


Durian was thought to be from the region of borneo and sumatra, they grew wild along the malay peninsula, and was frequently cultivated in a wide region from india to new guinea.

400 years ago, it was traded across contemporary myanmar, and was actively cultivated especially in thailand and south vietnam.

The earliest known european reference to the durian is the record of niccolò da conti, who took a trip to southeastern asia in the 15th century. The portuguese doctor garcia de orta also described durians in an article that he released in 1563.

In 1741, the german botanist georg eberhard rumphius released a book, which supply comprehensive and accurate account of durians for over a century.

During the early stages of its taxonomical research study, there was some confusion between durian and the soursop, for both of these types had thorny green fruit. It is likewise intriguing to keep in mind the malay name for the soursop is durian belanda, indicating dutch durian.

In the 18th century, johann anton weinmann considered the durian to belong to castaneae as its fruit resembled the horse chestnut.

Durian had also been planted in the americas but confined to botanical gardens. The first seedlings were sent from the royal botanic gardens, kew, to auguste saint-arroman of dominica in 1884.

In southeastern asia, the durian has actually been cultivated for centuries at the village level, most likely because the late 18th century, and commercially given that the mid-20th century.

In my tropic island, australian author and biologist edmund james banfield tells how, in the early 20th century, a pal in singapore sent him a durian seed, which he planted and cared for on his tropical island off the north coast of queensland.

Because the early 1990s, the domestic and worldwide need for durian in the association of southeast asian nations (asean) region has actually increased substantially, partly due to the increasing affluence of asia. [3]


The durian tree, reaching 90 to 130 ft (27-40 m) in height in tropical forests, is usually put up with brief, directly, rough, peeling trunk to 4 ft (1.2 m) in size, and irregular thick or open crown of rough branches, and thin branchlets coated with coppery or gray scales when young. The evergreen, alternate leaves are oblong-lance-olate, or elliptic-obovate, rounded at the base, quickly pointed at the apex; leathery, dark-green and shiny above, silvery or pale-yellow, and densely covered with gray or reddish-brown, hairy scales on the underside; 2 1/2 to 10 in (6.25-25 cm) long, 1 to 3 1/2 in (2.5-9 cm) large. Malodorous, whitish to golden-brown, 3-petalled flowers, 2 to 3 in (5-7.5 cm) large, with 5-lobed, bell-shaped calyx, are borne in pendant clusters of 3 to 30 straight from the old, thick branches or trunk.

The fruits are ovoid or ovoid-oblong to almost round, 6 to 12 in (15-30 cm) long, 5 to 6 in (12.5-15 cm) large, and as much as 18 lbs (8 kg) in weight. The yellow or yellowish-green skin is thick, difficult, semi-woody, and largely set with stout, dramatically pointed spinal columns, 3- to 7-sided at the base. Handling without gloves can be agonizing. Inside there are 5 compartments including the creamy-white, yellowish, pinkish or orange-colored flesh and 1 to 7 chestnut-like seeds, 3/4 to 2 1/4 in (2-6 cm) long with shiny, red-brown seed coat. In the best fruits, the majority of seeds are abortive. There are some odor-free cultivars but the flesh of the typical durian has an effective smell which reminded the plant explorer, otis w. Barrett, of integrated cheese, decayed onion and turpentine, or “garlic, limburger cheese and some spicy sort of resin” however he stated that after eating a bit of the pulp “the smell is rarely seen.” the nature of the flesh is more complex-in the words of alfred russel wallace (much-quoted), it is “a rich custard highly flavored with almonds … However there are occasional wafts of flavor that call to mind cream cheese, onion-sauce, sherry wine and other incongruous meals. Then there is a rich glutinous smoothness in the pulp which absolutely nothing else has, but which contributes to its delicacy. It is neither acid, nor sweet, nor juicy; yet it wants none of these qualities, for it is in itself best. It produces no queasiness or other bad effect, and the more you eat of it the less you feel inclined to stop.”. Barrett explained the taste as “triplex in effect, first a strong aromatic taste, followed by a delicious sweet flavor, then a weird resinous or balsam-like taste of splendid but consistent appreciate.” an american chemist working at the u.s. Rubber plantations in sumatra in modem times, was at very first hesitant to attempt eating durian, was lastly persuaded and became passionate, declaring it to be “absolutely delicious”, something like “a mixture of ice cream, onions, spices, and bananas, all mixed together.”.

Some fruits divided into 5 sectors, others do not split, but all fall to the ground when mature. [4]


Durio sensu lato has 30 recognized species. Durio sensu stricto makes up 24 of these types. The 6 additional types consisted of in durio s.l. Are now considered by some to comprise their own genus, boschia. Durio s.s. And boschia have identical vegetative characteristics and lots of shared floral characteristics. The important difference in between the two is that anther locules open by apical pores in boschia and by longitudinal slits in durio s.s. These two genera kind a clade that is sis to another.

Genus in the tribe durioneae, cullenia. These 3 genera together form a clade that is characterised by highly customized (mono- and polythecate, as opposed to bithecate) anthers.

The genus durio is positioned by some taxonomists in the family bombacaceae, or by others in a broadly defined malvaceae that includes bombacaceae, and by others in a smaller household of simply 7 genera durionaceae.

Durio is often included in bombacaceae because of the existence of monothecate anthers, instead of the bithecate anthers common to the rest of the mallows (and angiosperms, in general). Nevertheless, the first studies to examine mallow phylogeny using molecular data found that the tribe durioneae ought to be positioned in the subfamily helicteroideae of an expanded malvaceae. The authors of these studies hypothesise that monothecate anthers have most likely progressed convergently in durioneae and in the malvatheca clade (consisting of malvaceae s.l. Subfamilies malvoideae and bombacoideae).

A draft genome analysis of durian indicates it has about 46,000 coding and non-coding genes, amongst which a class called methionine gamma-lyases– which control the odour of organosulfur substances– may be mainly responsible for the distinct durian odour. Genome analysis also suggested that the closest plant relative of durian is cotton. [4]


Durio zibethnus is mainly dispersed in southeast asia. Traditional chinese medicine believes that durian shells have the effects of clearing heat and purging fire, nourishing yin and moisturizing dryness. Therefore, it is typically used as a pharmaceutic food in the chinese folk to help treating diseases. At present, the chemical constituents isolated from durian shell consist of phenolic acids, phenolic glycosides, flavonoids, coumarins, triterpenes, simple glycosides and other compounds. Modern pharmacological research studies show that durian shell has many pharmacological activities, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, guideline of glucose and lipid metabolic process. The chemical composition and medicinal results of durian shells are summed up in order to supply referrals for the additional research study and application of durian shell. [5]


Much variation happens in seedlings. There are over 300 called varieties of durian in thailand. Just a few of these are in commercial growing. In malaysia, 100 types are graded for size and quality. In peninsular malaya, there are 44 clones with small differences in time and level of blooming, flower and fruit morphology, productivity and edible quality. [6]

Among the most healthy fruits

Durian is very high in nutrients compared to most other fruits.

One cup (243 grams) of pulp offers:.

  • Calories: 357
  • Fat: 13 grams
  • Carbohydrates: 66 grams
  • Fiber: 9 grams
  • Protein: 4 grams
  • Vitamin c: 80% of the daily worth (dv)
  • Thiamine: 61% of the dv
  • Manganese: 39% of the dv
  • Vitamin b6: 38% of the dv
  • Potassium: 30% of the dv
  • Riboflavin: 29% of the dv
  • Copper: 25% of the dv
  • Folate: 22% of the dv
  • Magnesium: 18% of the dv
  • Niacin: 13% of the dv

This nutrient profile makes durian one of the most healthy fruits worldwide.

It’s likewise abundant in healthy plant substances, including anthocyanins, carotenoids, polyphenols, and flavonoids. Many of these function as antioxidants.


Durian is a really healthy fruit that’s abundant in fiber, b vitamins, vitamin c, and numerous healthy plant compounds. [7]

Durian fruit advantages for health

Enhances gastrointestinal health

The dietary fiber in durian helps in reducing defecation. This, in turn, assists prevent irregularity and enhances gastrointestinal health. The thiamin in the fruit might enhance cravings and basic well-being in the senior. The fiber in durian fruit also stimulates peristaltic motion easing the digestion process in the intestines. It also helps treat problems like bloating, excess flatulence, heartburn.

Prevents heart diseases

The organosulfur in durians might regulate the inflammatory enzymes and decrease the threat of cardiovascular diseases. Many studies have discovered that intake of fruits that are rich in soluble dietary fibre may help lower the levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (ldl-c) and reduce the danger of coronary heart disease. Durian fruit is a heart-friendly food with high fiber material.

Maintains blood sugar levels

The manganese in durian may help in the upkeep of blood sugar level levels. The consumption of durian likewise enhances the insulin reaction in clients with diabetes. The antioxidants in durian also help in reducing oxidative stress, which can otherwise aggravate diabetes signs. Durian is a wonderful fruit, being a healthy food with a low glycemic index (gi). Hence, the fruit would not cause blood sugar level spikes.

Controls high blood pressure levels

Durian is a great source of potassium. Research study shows that increasing potassium intake can decrease blood pressure levels. The potassium in the fruit likewise works as a vasodilator. It can help preserve the balance between fluid and salt in the body’s cells. The mineral might help reduce tension on the capillary and reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke.

Helps in weight gain

Consuming durian fruit on a regular and moderate basis is really beneficial for the individuals who would like to gain some extra pounds without the inclusion of false calories in their diet plan. This advantage of durian fruit is primarily because of the high calories in them. Eating 100 grams of durian provides around 147 calories of energy. It is also a good source of carbohydrates that launch energy into the system at a consistent rate and provides us with the energy needed for our everyday activity. It is abundant in healthy fats which supports our health and also aids in weight gain.

Strengthens resistance and metabolic process

Our immune system is the defence mechanism of our body that plays an important role in keeping us healthy. It is the defence mechanism of our body that avoids disease-causing microorganisms such as bacteria, virus, and fungi, and so on. From entering our body and make us ill. It is essential to increase the body immune system and durian fruit can assist in doing the very same. Consuming durian fruit on a regular and moderate basis is very useful for enhancing our immune system. This benefit of durian fruit is generally because of the presence of vitamin c.

Reduces cancer risk

Durians are said to possess antioxidant residential or commercial properties that may help reduce cancer threat. The fruit contains polyphenols that hinder cancer growth and even kill cancer cells. Free radicals are known to ruin healthy cells and cause the spread of cancer. Because the antioxidants of durians combat free radicals, they may also help in reducing cancer risk.

Enhances bones and joints

Durian fruits are rich in calcium, potassium and magnesium. These minerals add to bone health by increasing bone density, improving joint versatility and reinforcing the tensile strength of collagen fibers. Regular intake of durian fruit in measured quantities with diet promotes bone mineral density in males and females.

Cures anemia

Durian is an abundant source of iron and folate. Studies connect iron and folate shortage to anemia. Folate, if not present in appropriate quantities, could decrease the variety of red cell produced. This, in turn, can set off anemia. Other minerals in durian also set off the production of red blood cells in the body, thus aiding in the transport of nutrients and fluids to all organs in the system.

Treats insomnia

Consuming durian fruit may treat insomnia. This advantage of durian fruit is because of the presence of tryptophan in it. Tryptophan is an important amino acid that transforms to serotonin in our brain and induces a sensation of relaxation and happiness. It likewise assists in releasing melatonin in our bloodstream. Melatonin is a hormonal agent that makes us feel tired and sleepy and therefore assists in treating sleeping disorders. Furthermore, other substances such as vitamin b complex, calcium, and iron, and so on. Also play a substantial function in guaranteeing a good night’s sleep.

Natural aphrodisiac

Durians are an aphrodisiac, being useful for enhancing sexual health. It boosts libido and revitalizes the sexual life. This benefit of durian is primarily because of the nutritional compounds like vitamin b6 and potassium in it. Potassium is a natural vasodilator that relaxes blood vessels and enhances blood flow. It also helps with erectile dysfunction. Vitamin b6 likewise plays a considerable function in enhancing blood circulation and thus promotes sexual health.

Anti-depressant homes

Consuming durian fruit on a regular and moderate basis is extremely beneficial for fighting off against the anxiety. This benefit of durian fruit is mainly because of the existence of vitamin b6 in it. Vitamin b6 is a vital nutrient that increases the production of serotonin in our system. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter produced by the nerve cells and is mainly discovered in the digestion system in addition to blood platelets and throughout the main nerve system. It carries out many functions such as minimizes depression, decreases stress and anxiety, thus boosting state of mind and improving memory and concentration. [8]

Durian benefits for skin

Following are the major charm advantages of durian for the skin.

Decrease signs of premature aging

The rich nutritious profile of durian assists in preserving our skin health.

Anti-oxidants like vitamin c, vitamin a, and other relevant compounds in durian protect the skin cells from free radical damage and decrease great lines, wrinkles, age spots, dark spots, skin acnes, and other indications of early aging.

Vitamin c enhances collagen production.

Collagen is an amino acid that maintains skin flexibility and avoids saggy skin and wrinkles.

Zinc, vitamin e, and other nutrients in durian also help in keeping skin healthy.

Treats skin pigmentation

Antioxidants in durian safeguard our skin from totally free extreme damage and draw out natural glow of the skin.

It boosts collagen production, preserve skin elasticity and increase skin smoothness.

Minerals and vitamins in durian fruit offer nutrition to skin and improve skin tone.

Reduce skin problems

Durian lower the threat of skin problems like acne and pimples.

Acne is a typical skin condition that mainly occurs due to the clogging up of skin pores by toxins, pollutants, and other pollutants.

The cleansing compounds like vitamin c and dietary fibers in durian eliminate toxic substances, toxins and other pollutants from our system.

When there are less toxins, they are less most likely to collect in the skin pores and reduce the danger of skin problems like acne and pimples.

Dietary fibers manage the secretion of excess oil from the sebaceous gland of the skin and prevent the worsening of acne.

Security from hazardous uv rays of sun

Prolonged direct exposure to the hazardous uv rays of the sun might harm our skin and trigger wrinkles, tough skin, liver spots, and other indications of early aging.

Uv rays can harm our skin and increase the danger of infections and cancers.

Anti-oxidants in durian secures our skin from oxidative stress caused by uv rays of the sun, and reduce the threat of infections and cancers.

Keeps our skin hydrated

Durian include about 65 percent water and aid in remaining hydrated.

Staying hydrated is important for our skin health as water rejuvenates our skin, keeps it hydrated, boost skin softness and smoothness.

It avoids dryness and dullness of the skin.

And, durians are rich in minerals and vitamins that nurture our skin and offer more benefits to the skin.

Maintains skin health

Durian maintains our skin health due to the abundance of nutrients like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and dietary fibers, and so on.

Anti-oxidants protect our skin from free radical damage and keep signs of premature aging such as great lines, wrinkles, age areas, etc at bay.

Dietary fibers in durian prevent our skin pores from getting congested by toxic substances and impurities, and minimize risk of skin problems like acne and pimples.

Durian highlights the natural glow of the skin, and make our skin soft, flexible, and glowing.

It assists in eliminating dead skin cells and motivates the growth of new skin cells.

Other nutrients like b vitamins and zinc play an important role in keeping skin healthy.

Durian benefits for hair

Some major beauty advantages of durian for hair are as follows.

Promotes hair growth

Durian benefit our hair and scalp, and encourages the development of brand-new hair.

Anti-oxidants like vitamin c, vitamin e, and other pertinent substances in durian secure our hair and scalp from totally free extreme damage.

This lower premature greying of hair, hair fall, divided ends, and hair dryness.

Minerals and vitamins in durian supply nourishment to our hair and enhance them.

Zinc and b vitamins in durian motivates the development of new hair.

Reduces loss of hair

Durian make our hair more powerful and lower danger of hair fall.

Minerals and vitamins in durian nourishes our hair follicles and make them strong and glossy.

Antioxidants secure the hair from ill impacts of oxidative stress.

When our hair is strong, threat of hair problems like hair fall, hair dryness lowers by a significant level.

Iron, zinc and b vitamins in durian plays an important role in lowering hair fall threat.

Make our hair strong and lustrous

Vitamins and minerals in durian provide nutrition to our hair, and reinforce them.

Anti-oxidants like vitamin c and other appropriate substances safeguard the hair and scalp from totally free extreme damage, and reduce signs of premature greying of hair.

Durian make our hair strong and glossy, and minimize risk of hair issues.

Deals with scalp acne

Acne is a typical skin issue that affect millions and are primarily caused by the accumulation of toxins, toxins and other pollutants within the skin pores.

It can also happen at the scalp level and is referred to as scalp acne.

Durian helps in dealing with skin problems like acne and scalp acne as it includes detoxifying substances like dietary fibers and vitamin c.

These substances get rid of contaminants, pollutants, and other impurities from our system.

When there are less contaminants, they are less most likely to accumulate in skin pores and decrease threat of skin problems such as acne and scalp acne.

Dietary fiber controls the secretion of excess oil from the skin pores, and prevents the scalp acne from aggravating.

Lowering dandruff risk

Durian improve our scalp health and lower threat of scalp issues such as dandruff.

It provides nourishment to our hair and scalp, and keep them healthy.

The anti-microbial residential or commercial properties of durian protect the scalp from fungal infections, and lower danger of scalp problems.

Durian minimize scalp dryness, a typical cause of dandruff. [9]

Durian ice cream dessert


  • 4 to 6 sections fresh, frozen, or canned durian, more as required
  • 2 large egg yolks
  • 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
  • 3 tablespoons granulated sugar, or to taste
  • 1 cup entire milk
  • 1 cup light cream

Steps to make it

  1. Gather the active ingredients.
  2. Get rid of the seeds from the durian and scoop out the flesh into an electrical mixer. On low to medium speed, blend the flesh into a paste.
  3. Press the paste through a fine screen. You ought to have 4 ounces of durian paste at this moment. (if not, use more durian.) Chill the durian paste until all set to utilize.
  4. In a medium bowl, blend the egg yolks with the vanilla essence and sugar.
  5. Bring the milk and cream to a near boil over medium heat and after that decrease the heat to low. Gather the egg mix, stirring continuously to thicken. Make sure not to let the mixture boil, or the milk will curdle. (if you see bubbles forming at the edge of the pan, take it off the stove).
  6. As soon as a thick consistency, remove from the heat and allow the custard to cool. Chill the custard in the freezer for 30 to 45 minutes, till it is just starting to harden.
  7. Slowly stir in the durian paste, 1 tablespoon at a time, until completely incorporated.
  8. Either continue freezing, stirring a number of times throughout, or finish the ice cream in an ice cream maker. [10]

Side effects of eating durian fruit in excess

Too much dietary fiber is bad for stomach

Regular and moderate consumption of durian fruit is very advantageous for our stomach and improves our digestive health. This benefit of durian is primarily due to the presence of dietary fibers in them. The dietary fibers present in the durian function as a natural laxative which suggests it improves our defecation, and make sure smooth removal of stool from our system.

This eliminates irregularity and also supplies remedy for other gastrointestinal problems such as abdominal pain, irritable bowel syndrome, gas and bloating, etc.even though dietary fibers are good for our stomach, it is recommended to be on the safe side and consume the fruit in small amounts.

Too many antioxidants are bad

Durian is an exceptional source of numerous anti-oxidants such as vitamin c, vitamin a and other antioxidantal compounds like phytonutrients, polyphenols, and flavonoids, etc.

These antioxidants and the appropriate compounds present in the durian battle with the free radicals in our body, stabilize them and prevents them from causing oxidative damage to our cells and tissues. This minimizes the threat of numerous cancers.

Boosts the threat of hypoglycemia

Consuming durian fruit on a regular and moderate basis is very beneficial for individuals with diabetes and for those who are at the threat of developing diabetes. This benefit of durian fruit is generally because of its low glycemic index. Glycemic index is a scale from 0 to 100 that determines the rate at which a particular food product will launch sugar into the bloodstream.

Being a low glycemic index fruit implies durian releases sugar into the blood stream at a sluggish rate and avoids an unexpected spike in the blood glucose level and therefore assists in managing diabetes. Additionaly, the dietary fibers present in the durian minimize the rate at which sugar gets absorbed by the blood stream and thus assists in keeping blood sugar under control.

May cause allergic reactions

Durian fruit is an outstanding source of many nutrients like vitamins, minerals, anti-oxidants, phytonutrients, polyphenols, and dietary fibers, etc. Presence of these compounds makes durian very beneficial for us as they supply a variety of health advantages and in addition to appeal advantages for our skin and hair.

Nevertheless, not all of us can take pleasure in these benefits. It has been discovered that consuming durians may establish allergic reactions in some individuals and they need to avoid the fruit. Some common allergic signs that may occur are hives, nasal congestion, runny nose, throat pain, diarrhea, and vomiting.

Consuming too many durians during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a crucial phase in the life of a female. At this phase, it is necessary for her to make certain that she is having a balanced diet filled with essential nutrients like vitamins and minerals, etc. This is since what a mom eats not only determines her health but likewise the health and health of the fetus establishing in her womb.

Durian is an exceptional fruit that provides numerous nutrients like vitamins and minerals and along with other substances such as antioxidants, phytonutrients, polyphenols, and dietary fibers, etc. That assists in keeping a healthy pregnancy. The antioxidants such as vitamin c and other appropriate substances like phytonutrients and polyphenols and so on. Safeguards the uterus and the fetus developing in it from the oxidative damage caused by the free radicals in our body. [11]

Dose and forms

Please be advised that the does and forms below are not implied to replace the recommendations given by your physician:.

Durian has no medically-accepted dosage, so it’s best to consume it in small amounts. You can enjoy the fruit fresh or frozen. [12]


Alcohol interaction ranking: moderate be cautious with this combination. Talk with your health service provider.

The body breaks down the alcohol to get rid of it. Durian may decrease how fast the body breaks down alcohol. Consuming alcohol and taking durian may cause negative effects such as a pounding headache, vomiting, flushing, and other undesirable reactions. Do not consume any alcohol if you are taking durian.

Medications for diabetes (antidiabetes drugs) interaction rating: moderate be cautious with this combination. Talk with your health service provider.

Durian may increase blood glucose. Diabetes medications are used to lower blood sugar level. Taking durian in addition to diabetes medications might disrupt the impacts of diabetes medications. Screen your blood sugar level carefully. The dose of your diabetes medication may need to be altered.

Some medications used for diabetes consist of glimepiride (amaryl), glyburide (diabeta, glynase prestab, micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (actos), rosiglitazone (avandia), chlorpropamide (diabinese), glipizide (glucotrol), tolbutamide (orinase), and others.

Prior to taking durian, talk with your healthcare professional if you take these or any other medications. [13]


These pesticide levels identified in the fruits are unlikely to hurt the customers therefore it is safe to eat watermelon and durian in thailand. While our outcomes discovered negligible risk associated with pesticide direct exposure from consuming these common tropical fruits, unique preventative measures ought to be thought about to decrease overall direct exposure to these harmful pesticides from different foods. [14]


  1. Https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/durian
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1458/durian
  3. Https://durians.com/pages/the-history-of-durian
  4. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/durian
  5. Https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s1674638421001076#s0070
  6. Https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/durian_ars.html#varieties
  7. Https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/durian-fruit#nutrition
  8. Https://www.netmeds.com/health-library/post/durian-fruit-health-benefits-nutrition-uses-for-skin-and-hair-recipes-side-effects
  9. Https://goodhealthall.com/durian-fruit-health-beauty-benefits/
  10. Https://www.thespruceeats.com/durian-ice-cream-694424
  11. Https://www.lifeberrys.com/healthy-living/5-side-effects-of-eating-durian-fruit-in-excess-180459.html
  12. Https://hellodoctor.com.ph/herbals-and-alternatives/herbal-medicines/benefits-durian-fruit-leaves/
  13. Https://www.rxlist.com/durian/supplements.htm#interactions
  14. Https://environhealthprevmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1007/s12199-015-0452-8
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