Dragon fruit

35 mins read

Dragon fruit is a big typically oval to oblong fruit of any of several put up, sprawling, or vining cacti (since the genera selenicereus, hylocereus, or sternocereus) that has tough skin with popular flaky spikes and juicy flesh.

The fruit of an extensively cultivated cactus (hylocereus undatus) of mexico and central america that typically has brilliant pink or red skin and white or often red, mildly sweet flesh with various small black seeds

All of a sudden, dragon fruit– likewise referred to as pitaya or pitahaya– is appearing in teas, thirst quenchers and even vodka. But its allure might have as much to do with is distinctive looks as its flavor. [1]


Dragon fruit is the fruit of a kind of cactus that grows in dry areas of south america. Typically the skin of the dragon fruit is red and the pulp is red or white. Dragon fruit is sometimes utilized as medication. The fruit is also popular as a food.

Dragon fruit is used for diabetes, prediabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

Dragon fruit can be eaten raw or made into wine, juice, spreads, or desserts. The flowers are sometimes eaten as a veggie or made into a tea.

In production, the peel of the fruit is used as food coloring and as a thickener. [2]


Dragon fruit originates in main and south america. We call this interesting plant a fruit,.

But it is in fact a cactus. Dragon fruit is grown in asia, mexico, central america, south.

America, and israel today.

Its textured, scaly skin can be found in pink or yellow, while its flesh may be red or white with.

Spread, small, black seeds. The flesh ought to be scooped out of the skin- it is easiest to do.

With a spoon. It has a crispy texture and sweet flavor, like a kiwi or a pear. The red flesh.

Of the dragon fruit contains lycopene, which has been associated with lower cancer and.

Heart disease threat. The skin needs to not be eaten. [3]


After a thorough cleansing of the seeds from the pulp of the fruit, the seeds might be kept when dried. The perfect fruit is unblemished and overripe.

Seeds grow well in a garden compost or potting soil mix– even as a potted indoor plant. Pitaya cacti typically sprout after between 11 and 2 week after shallow planting. As they are cacti, overwatering is a concern for house growers. As their growth continues, these climbing plants will discover something to climb on, which can include putting aerial roots down from the branches in addition to the basal roots. As soon as the plant reaches a fully grown 4.5 kgs (10 pounds) in weight, the plant might flower.

Business plantings can be done at high density with in between 1,100 and 1,350 per hectare (445 and 546/acre). Plants can use up to 60 months/260 weeks to come into full commercial production, at which phase yields of 20 to 30 metric tons (22 to 33 brief loads) can be expected.

Pitaya flowers flower over night and usually wilt by the evening. They depend on nocturnal pollinators such as bats or moths for fertilization. Self-fertilization will not produce fruit in some species, and while cross-breeding has resulted in numerous “self-fertile” varieties, cross-pollinating with a second, genetically distinct plant of the very same species typically increases fruit set and quality. This limits the capability of house growers to produce the fruit. Nevertheless, the plants can flower between 3 and 6 times in a year depending upon growing conditions. Like other cacti, if a healthy piece of the stem is broken off, it may settle in soil and become its own plant.

The plants can withstand temperatures approximately 40 ° c (104 ° f) and extremely short durations of frost, however will not endure long direct exposure to freezing temperature levels. The cacti flourish most in usda zones 10– 11, however may endure outdoors in zone 9a or 9b.

Selenicereus has adjusted to reside in dry tropical climates with a moderate amount of rain. In various regions, it has gotten away growing to become a weed and is classified as an invasive weed in some countries.

Pests and diseases

Stems and fruits are prone to numerous illness caused by fungi, germs, a nematode, and an infection. Overwatering or excessive rains can cause the flowers to drop and fruit to rot. The germs xanthomonas campestris triggers the stems to rot. Dothiorella fungi can trigger brown areas on the fruit. Other fungis known to contaminate pitaya consist of botryosphaeria dothidea, colletotrichum gloeosporioides and bipolaris cactivora. [4]

Various kinds of dragon fruit

Mom of dragons

Dragon fruit– also referred to as pitaya, or hylocereus for the more latin-minded– is no stranger to beauty. The fruit actually begins its life as a flower, blooming on a cactus range native to central america.

When totally developed, it’s the stand-out star of any produce section thanks to its intricate leatherlike scales that ombre from hot pink to green. However pitaya is no one-look pony: the fashionable fruit really comes in a number of varieties, sporting different tastes and tones of skin and flesh.

And like numerous supermodels that have come before it, dragon fruit has been indelibly connected to the music scene, with a lot of its most colorful cultivars taking their names directly from the rock n roll world.

White dragon fruit

With its lively pink skin and white flesh– found with delicious black seeds– white dragon fruit is the most frequently grown kind of pitaya. Some of its more popular cultivars include:.

David bowie: talk about the thin, white duke. This range of white dragon fruit is slimmer than most others, and understood for a tangier, lemon-like taste.

Vietnamese jaina: one of the world’s most popular varieties, thanks in no little part to the stark brightness of its fruit. The color-blocking of this varietal is genuinely instagram-worthy.

L.a. Lady: a rarely-grown variety that some experts say leaves a bad taste in your mouth. No relation to how the doors tune of the exact same name might make you feel.

Seoul cooking area: a spin on another doors song title, this variety of white dragon fruit is a bit rounder fit, with smoother and sweeter flesh than its los angeles cousin.

Lake atitlan: called for the volcano-ringed lake in guatemala, this exotic-sounding range of dragon fruit is generally on the bigger– and tangier– side.

Neitzel: a california native, this varietal is sweet and particularly tasty when cooled.

Alice: named for a rock star of the fruit growing world, alice snow, this eponymous type of dragon fruit is less sweet than other ranges, however rocks ultra-bright pink skin.

Guyute: in the phish tune of the same name, guyute was an awful pig. In the world of exotic plants, it’s a particularly sweet range of white dragon fruit.

Harpua: dragon fruit growers should truly love phish. This varietal– called for a song with a particularly delicious jam– rocks a semisweet white pulp that tastes a bit like melon.

Thompson: one of the biggest ranges of white dragon fruit, this cultivar can weigh up to 1.5 pounds.

Red dragon fruit

Red dragon fruit has the very same gorgeous pink skin as its white family members, however a burst of red flesh on the inside.

Red jaina: with an especially deep-red pulp, this range is especially juicy– making it a perfect compliment to a good mixer.

Zamorano: named for the university in honduras where it was first established, this red dragon fruit variety is medium-sized with a moderate, sweet flavor.

Costa rican sundown: as special as its name requires, this is a particularly special range of dragon fruit, thanks to its sluggish growing vine.

Natural mystic: did you believe we were done name-checking songs? Think again. This red dragon fruit, named for the bob marley tune, is really magical, landing on the bigger and sweeter side of things.

Pink dragon fruit

Technically, these are all types of red dragon fruit, but on the within, they look anything from soft rose to hot pink.

Makisupa: a stunning magenta flesh partners with a sweet-and-sour taste in this red-but-more-like pink dragon fruit range.

American beauty: aptly called after both the seminal grateful dead album and its truly spectacular pink pulp, this varietal is also understood for its sensational sweet flavor.

Delight: on the larger side with a smooth texture, sweet taste, and charming soft pink flesh, this pink dragon fruit is truly worthy of its name.

Dark star: a long and skinny shape with a mild grape-y taste and the bearer of yet another grateful dead tune name.

Cosmic charlie: completing the deadhead crowd is this magenta-fleshed varietal, with a truly celestial taste of grape and kiwi.

Purple haze: drifting into the harder side of rock, this jimi hendrix name is among the biggest kinds of dragon fruit, with a dynamic pink color, fairly few seeds, and grape-like taste.

Voodoo child: deserving of its witchy name (which occurs to likewise be– you thought it!– a jimi hendrix tune) this pink dragon fruit is small but mighty, packing a sweet grape-y taste into a dark pink fruit no larger than an egg.

Yellow dragon fruit

This kind of dragon fruit does not mind sticking out from the crowd, with a monotone yellow exterior that sports a far various scale pattern.

There’s only one yellow dragon fruit variety, but it’s extensively thought to be the tastiest of all, with its firm white flesh packing lots of sweet taste.

Sour dragon fruit

Something of a specialized, this kind of dragon fruit is called stenocereus and is discovered mostly in south and main america, especially in more arid regions. It might lean more sour than sweet, however it yields more juice than most other varieties, and has actually long been a dietary staple of native individuals.

But no matter which look or taste it’s rocking, a dragon fruit always aims to please. [5]

Dragon fruit nutrition truths

The following nutrition information is supplied by the usda for one 6-ounce (170g) serving of cubed dragon fruit.

  • Calories: 102
  • Fat: 0g
  • Sodium: 0mg
  • Carbohydrates: 22g
  • Fiber: 5g
  • Sugars: 13g
  • Protein: 2g


Dragon fruit is a naturally low-calorie food, with most of the calories originating from carb. There are 2 types of carbohydrate in dragon fruit: naturally occurring sugars (13g per 6-ounce serving) and fiber. You’ll get 5 grams of fiber– or about 18% of your advised everyday intake– in a 6-ounce serving.

The exact glycemic index (gi) of dragon fruit has not been taped, although one research study estimates the glycemic index to be similar to that of a banana– or about 48 to 52.

as a recommendation, foods with a gi of 55 or more are considered high glycemic foods.


There is a very small amount of fat in dragon fruit. The edible seeds include omega-3 fatty acids, omega 6-fatty acids, and polyunsaturated fat which are all healthy fatty acids.3.


Dragon fruit offers a percentage of protein, about 2 grams per serving.

Vitamins and minerals

Dragon fruit provides vitamin c and riboflavin, along with about 17% of your day-to-day suggested intake of magnesium– a mineral that is responsible for assisting in numerous biochemical reactions in the body. Dragon fruit also contains iron, niacin, and calcium. [6]

Health advantages of dragon fruit

A fascinating reality about this fruit is that the chinese claim that it originated from the fire of a dragon during fight. Undermining the misconception surrounding this fruit, there is something that makes it very healthy for us. Here is a list of 10 health benefits of consuming dragon fruit.

Minimizes threat of diabetes

This fruit consists of high quantities of fiber that preserves blood sugar level levels and prevents spikes amongst people suffering from diabetes. Regular intake of this fruit can assist balance blood glucose levels and prevent further medical consequences amongst diabetics.

Decreases dangers of cancer

This fruit contains anti-cancer properties that can lower the threats of colon cancer. Its high source of vitamin c plays a crucial role in improving the body immune system. Vitamin c is a powerful anti-oxidant that avoids you from contracting persistent diseases such as diabetes, alzheimer’s parkinson’s, cancer, and so on.

Assists increase immunity

This fruit contains high levels of vitamin c that improves immunity and helps you stay healthy. More vitamin c implies that your body is capable of fighting deadly infections that you might be susceptible to. All you need to do is to take in 1 cup (200 grams) of this fruit every day and remain healthy.

Great for food digestion

This fruit has an abundant source of oligosaccharides (a carbohydrate) that helps in the development of excellent germs like flora, which aids in smooth food digestion. It is loaded with high fiber that also assists in gastrointestinal health, helps in reducing the threat of cancer and heart diseases.

Helpful for heart

Dragon fruit with red colored pulp contains betalains (creates red color inside the fruit) that lowers bad cholesterol (ldl cholesterol). The small dark black seeds inside the fruit are rich in omega-3 and omega-9 fatty acids that benefit the heart and minimize the risks of cardiovascular diseases.

Fights ageing skin

Faster ageing can be triggered due to stress, contamination and other aspects such as poor diet etc. Nevertheless, it’s a rich source of anti-oxidants that can treat sunburn, dry skin and acne. Its material of vitamin c can aid in brighter skin. You can prepare dragon fruit juice and consume it once a day for radiant skin.

Helpful for hair

Need thick, black and glossy hair? Attempt dragon fruit powder blended with a glass of milk (250ml) once every day and this will do you good. The high source of nutrients discovered in this fruit extract powder decreases hair damage caused by synthetic hair coloring and enhances hair texture, hence, leaving it soft and shiny. All you require to do so is to consume this once a day and you will witness modifications.

Healthy bones

Great bone health can contribute to many elements such as avoiding injuries, joint pain etc. This incredibly fruit consists of 18% magnesium and aid in more powerful bones and good bone health. All you need to do is drink one glass of dragon fruit healthy smoothie every day.

Great for eyes

This fruit includes beta-carotene (the pigment that provides the fruit its color) prevents eye problems such as cataracts and macular degeneration. One cup (220 grams) of dragon fruit every day would do you great.

Great during pregnancy

This fruit consists of vitamin b, folate and iron that making it a perfect fruit for pregnant moms. B vitamins and folate avoids abnormality and increases energy during pregnancy. Its calcium material is accountable for the bone advancement of the fetus. Its material of magnesium helps combat postmenopausal issues in women. [7]

Further more

Might assist battle persistent illness

Free radicals are unsteady molecules that trigger cell damage, which might cause swelling and disease.

One method to combat this is by eating antioxidant-rich foods like dragon fruit.

Anti-oxidants work by reducing the effects of complimentary radicals, hence preventing cell damage and swelling.

Research studies suggest that diet plans high in antioxidants may help avoid persistent illness such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes and arthritis.

Dragon fruit consists of numerous kinds of potent antioxidants, consisting of:.

Vitamin c: observational studies have actually found correlations between vitamin c intake and cancer risk. For example, a research study in 120,852 individuals associated higher consumptions of vitamin c with lower rates of head and neck cancer.

Betalains: test-tube studies indicate betalains can combat oxidative tension and may have the ability to reduce cancer cells.

Carotenoids: beta-carotene and lycopene are the plant pigments that offer dragon fruit its lively color. Diets abundant in carotenoids have actually been linked to a reduced threat of cancer and heart problem.

Significantly, antioxidants work best when eaten naturally in food, rather than in pill type or as a supplement. In fact, antioxidant supplements may have damaging results, and taking them without medical supervision is not advised.

On the other hand, dragon fruit is extremely recommended.


Dragon fruit includes the antioxidants vitamin c, beta-carotene, lycopene and betalain. Studies have actually connected diets high in anti-oxidants to a minimized risk of chronic illness.

May enhance low iron levels

Dragon fruit is one of the few fresh fruits which contain iron.

Iron plays an essential role in transferring oxygen throughout your body. It also plays an essential function in breaking down food into energy.

Unfortunately, lots of people do not get enough iron. In fact, it has actually been approximated that 30% of the world’s population lacks iron, making it the most typical nutrient shortage worldwide.

To combat low iron levels, it is necessary to take in a variety of iron-rich foods. Rich sources of iron include meats, fish, legumes, nuts and cereals.

Dragon fruit might be another terrific option, as one serving contains 8% of your suggested day-to-day consumption (rdi). It also includes vitamin c, which assists your body soak up iron.


Dragon fruit supplies iron along with vitamin c, a mix that may enhance your body’s absorption of this crucial mineral. [8]

How to cut and eat dragon fruit

If you can’t discover dragon fruit in your regional supermarket, you might have much better luck in a specialized supermarket or asian market.

To choose one out, ilic suggests trusting your gut. “follow your fruit know-how,” she states. “it must be a little soft when you’re evaluating it with your finger. If it’s extremely firm, you can still bring it house and leave it on your counter to ripen.”

Peel and sufficed into sections when you’re ready to eat it. Just like an avocado, you eat the flesh and dispose of the skin. You might likewise cut it in half and scoop out the flesh with a spoon or melon baller.

Dragon fruit is best eaten raw, however you can throw it on the grill like some other fruits. Enjoy it by itself or include it to:

  • Fish, specifically cod, tuna and mahimahi.

” when you cut it up, cover it tightly and put it in your refrigerator,” states Olchi. “when your dragon fruit starts to get mushy and brown, toss it away.” [9]

Dragon fruit smoothie components

Whiz up a mixer of this dragon fruit shake dish and you won’t think the fantastic color! It’s hard to look away from the wonderfully brilliant color. Dragon fruit is popular as a healthy smoothie bowl (like an acai bowl with lots of toppings), but we like it best as a straight-up smoothie. More on that listed below! Here are the components you’ll need for this healthy smoothie dish:.

Frozen dragon fruit puree: it’s most convenient to discover dragon fruit for smoothies in the frozen area at your grocery store. See more below!

Banana: all you require is a room temperature level banana: no requirement to freeze!

Frozen pineapple and mango: it’s easy to find frozen pineapple and mango at your regional grocery: and this helps to boost the icy texture and sweet tart flavor!

Lime juice (optional): lime juice helps draw out the fruity taste: however it’s optional if you do not have lime on hand. [10]

Healthy dragon fruit waldorf salad


  • 1 big, ripe dragon fruit
  • 1/3 cup 2-percent greek yogurt
  • 2 tablespoons mayonnaise
  • Juice of 1/2 lemon
  • 1 teaspoon honey
  • 1/2 teaspoon newly grated ginger
  • 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1 little granny smith apple, cored and cut into 1/2-inch pieces
  • 1/2 cup red seedless grapes, halved
  • 1/2 cup fresh cilantro leaves, chopped
  • 1/3 cup cashews, roughly sliced
  • 4 leaves bibb or iceberg lettuce


  1. Quarter the dragon fruit lengthwise. Work your finger under the skin, pull it back and peel it away in 1 piece. Cut each quarter into 1/4-inch-thick triangles.
  2. Whisk together the yogurt, mayo, lemon juice, honey, ginger and salt in a large bowl. Include the apples, grapes, 3/4 of the dragon fruit pieces and 3/4 of both the cilantro and the cashews. Toss to combine, and cool up until chilled, about 1 hour.
  3. Put a lettuce leaf in each of 4 small bowls, and top each with a scoop of salad. Garnish with the staying dragon fruit, cilantro and cashews.

Cook’s note

To determine the ripeness of dragon fruit, give it a gentle squeeze-it need to have a minor give, like a ripe avocado. [11]

Negative effects of dragon fruit

Stomach issues:

Eating dragon fruit on a regular and reasonable basis is really beneficial to our stomach and helps to keep our digestive system in good shape. The dietary fibers discovered in dragon fruit function as a natural diuretic, which means they assist us defecate more regularly and ensure a smooth exit of stool from our bodies.

Despite the fact that dietary fibers are beneficial to our digestive health and give different advantages, dragon fruit need to be consumed in moderation. This is due to the fact that excessive dietary fiber consumption has actually been connected to health concerns such as inadequate nutrition absorption by the intestines, intestinal tract gas, intestinal blockage, stomach pain, and flatulence, to name a few.

Pee with a reddish color

Red dragon fruit can cause your pee to become pink or red if you consume enough of it. This symptom seems much more severe than it is. If you take in a great deal of beets, something similar can happen. When the fruit is no longer in your system, your urine should go back to its usual color.

Antioxidants in excess are harmful

Dragon fruit is high in anti-oxidants such as vitamin c and other antioxidant parts such as phytonutrients, polyphenols, and carotenoids, to name a few, which have a range of health advantages.

However, extreme dragon fruit-eating can lead to an overabundance of antioxidants, such as beta-carotene, which can add to lung cancer. A higher vitamin e usage likewise raises the danger of hemorrhagic stroke.


This fruit has a range of health and cosmetic benefits that might be obtained just by including it in one’s diet plan. However, not everybody can make use of these benefits in the same way. This is due to the reality that particular individuals dislike dragon fruit and needs to avoid it as much as possible. It makes no sense to consume dragon fruit if you are sensitive to it considering that it may trigger allergic reactions such as swollen lips and tongue, itchy throat, burning feeling in the throat, and so on.


While dragon fruit is known to aid with high blood pressure and high blood pressure, eating excessive of the fruit can produce a boost in potassium in the system, which can result in hypotension. Hypotension happens when blood pressure falls below regular levels, causing signs such as dizziness, queasiness, tiredness, depression, and loss of awareness. If you have previously been detected with hypotension, you ought to avoid utilizing this supplement. [12]

Precautions to take while feeding dragon fruit to children

Feeding dragon fruit in age-appropriate ways with fundamental safety measures can guarantee your infant enjoys its advantages with minimal concerns. Here are some preventative measures to abide by when feeding dragon fruit to children.

  • Introduce peeled dragon fruit pulp in smooth, lump-free puree or mash type to your infant. As the baby develops the fruit’s taste and digestibility, feed dragon fruit to your child in various methods.
  • Present a teaspoon or two of the fruit’s puree or mash in a meal. Depending on the infant’s tolerance, gradually increase the amount to a tablespoon or more.
  • Follow a “three to five-day wait” guideline to get rid of the possibility of food allergic reaction or intolerance.
  • If the baby seems uneasy after consuming the fruit, cease feeding for the time being. Reestablish the fruit in the diet plan after two to three days. If the problem persists, speak with a pediatrician.
  • Allergy to dragon fruit is rare however possible. Allergic reactions, such as itching of the mouth, urticaria, and vomiting, may appear instantly or a couple of minutes after touching or eating the fruit.
  • If your infant has a family history of food allergic reactions or oral allergy syndrome, particularly with kiwi, then consult your doctor before introducing dragon fruit to your child.
  • Prevent over-feeding dragon fruit to children and toddlers to avert gastrointestinal concerns, such as bloating and diarrhea, which might take place in sensitive infants. Also, overindulging dragon fruit can rapidly fill the child’s belly, making them skip the next meal.
  • Give bite-sized, graspable chunks of dragon fruit to infants as finger foods. As the children grow, serve thin dragon fruit pieces or wedges to toddlers. [13]


The red dragon fruit peel powder has prospective in reducing overall cholesterol, trigliserida, and LDL-c.

and Increasing HDL-c levels. Red dragon fruit peel powders can be consumed as a supplement in.

foods that are anticipated to maintain a healthy body and prevent hyperlipidemia. [14]


  1. Https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dragon%20fruit
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1580/dragon-fruit
  3. Https://dpi.wi.gov/sites/default/files/imce/school-nutrition/pdf/fact-sheet-dragon-fruit.pdf
  4. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/pitaya#cultivation
  5. Https://fruitstand.com/blogs/stories/different-types-of-dragon-fruit
  6. Https://www.verywellfit.com/dragon-fruit-calories-carbs-nutrition-facts-4172559
  7. Https://pharmeasy.in/blog/10-health-benefits-and-recipes-of-dragon-fruit-pitaya/
  8. Https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/dragon-fruit-benefits#toc_title_hdr_7
  9. Https://health.clevelandclinic.org/get-to-know-the-incredible-edible-dragon-fruit/
  10. Https://www.acouplecooks.com/dragon-fruit-smoothie/
  11. Https://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/food-network-kitchen/healthy-dragon-fruit-waldorf-salad-3364401
  12. Https://krishijagran.com/health-lifestyle/beware-of-these-side-effects-of-dragon-fruit/
  13. Https://www.momjunction.com/articles/dragon-fruit-for-babies-benefits-recipes_00737451/
  14. Https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1013/1/012167/pdf
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