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Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is an herb native to Europe. The leaf, flower, and root have been used for various infections, but with little evidence.

Dandelion is discovered throughout moderate environments of the northern hemisphere. It includes chemicals that may decrease swelling, increase urine production, and prevent crystals from forming in the urine that might cause infections in the kidneys and urinary tract.

People utilize dandelion for conditions such as inflamed tonsils, kidney infections, UTIs, and numerous others, but there is no good clinical proof to support these usages. [2]

History of Dandelions

Plant historians understand that dandelions have been an essential component of traditional Chinese medicine for a minimum of a thousand years. The plants, believed to be belonging to the Mediterranean, were popular by ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians. Medicinally, dandelion roots and leaves were utilized as a tonic to eliminate toxins from the bloodstream, serving as a mild diuretic to enhance the function of the gastrointestinal system. Ancient doctors didn’t understand much about nutrition and vitamin shortages, however they realized that dandelions assisted with a host of issues, consisting of kidney, stomach and liver conditions, skin inflammations, heartburn, gall bladder issues, diabetes, arthritis, anemia, constipation, toothaches, fevers, study, and even warts and dandruff. The advantages aren’t surprising, and modern herbalists now understand that growing dandelions are abundant in Vitamins C, E and A, in addition to calcium, potassium, zinc and iron. The plants were likewise appreciated for their charm. Dandelions were used to make dye– pale yellow from the warm yellow blossoms and a purple tint from the inner ribs of the leaves. Even today, many gardeners utilize the plants to make nutritious tea and flavorful wine. Botanists say that some species of dandelion are native to The United States and Canada. However, historians think that early European inhabitants presented the two most familiar types: red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) and the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) to the New World for their nutritional and medical advantages. Both types have naturalized and growing dandelions are now discovered across the nation, especially in disturbed soil such as croplands, building and construction sites, along roadsides and, of course– lawns. [3]


Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a common meadow herb of the Asteraceae or sunflower family. There are about 100 types of dandelion, and all are advantageous. This sun-loving appeal is a native of.

Greece, naturalized in temperate regions throughout the world, and familiar to almost everybody. The seasonal dandelion grows easily anywhere it can discover a little bit of earth and a place in the sun. Dandelion’s nutritious and medicinal qualities have been understood for centuries.

Dandelion’s common name is derived from the French dent de lion, a recommendation to the irregular and jagged margins of the lance-shaped leaves. There are numerous folk names for this widely-used herb. They include pissabed, Irish daisy, blow ball, lion’s tooth, bitterwort, wild endive, priest’s crown, doonheadclock, yellow gowan, puffball, clock flower, swine snort, fortune-teller, and cankerwort. The generic name is thought to be derived from the Greek words taraxos, meaning disorder, and akos, indicating treatment. Another possible derivation is from the Persian tark hashgun, suggesting wild endive, among dandelion’s common names. The particular designation officinale indicates that this herb was officially listed as a medicinal. Dandelion held a place in the United States National Formulary from 1888 until 1965, and the dried root of dandelion is listed in the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP).

Dandelion might be identified from other similar-looking herbs by the hollow, leafless flower stems which contain a bitter milky-white liquid likewise discovered in the root and leaves. The dark green dandelion leaves, with their irregular, deeply jagged margins, have a distinctive hairless mid-rib. The leaves are set up in a rosette pattern, and may grow to 1.5 ft (45.7 cm) in length. They have a.

lovely magenta tint that extends up along the inner rib of the stalk less leaf. When the plant is used as a color, it yields this purple shade. Dandelion blossoms are particular and round, with compact golden-yellow petals. They flower from early spring up until well into autumn atop hollow stalks that may reach from 4– 8 in (10.2 ndash; 20.3 cm) tall. The golden blossoms yield a pale yellow color for wool. After flowering, dandelion develops a round cluster of achenes, or seed cases. As numerous as 200 of these narrow seed cases, each with a single seed, form the characteristic puffball. Each achene is topped with a white, feathery tuft to bring it on the breeze. Dandelion’s tap root might grow fat, and reach as deep as 1.5 ft (45.7 cm) in loose soil. The root has numerous hairy rootlets. Dandelion is a durable herb and will grow back from root parts left in the ground throughout harvest. [4]


Taraxacum officinale is native to Europe and Asia, and was initially imported to America as a food crop. It is now naturalized throughout The United States and Canada, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia, and India. It takes place in all 50 states of the United States and most Canadian provinces. It is thought about a toxic weed in some jurisdictions, and is thought about to be a problem in property and leisure lawns in The United States and Canada. It is likewise a crucial weed in agriculture and triggers significant economic damage because of its infestation in lots of crops worldwide.

officinale can act as an indication plant for soil potassium and calcium, as the plant prefers soils with fairly low concentrations of calcium, but prefers soils with relatively high concentrations of potassium.

The dandelion is a common colonizer of disrupted habitats, both from wind blown seeds and seed germination from the seed bank. The seeds stay feasible in the seed bank for many years, with one study revealing germination after 9 years. This species is a rather prolific seed manufacturer, with 54 to 172 seeds produced per head, and a single plant can produce more than 5,000 seeds a year. It is.

approximated that more than 97,000,000 seeds/hectare could be produced yearly by a dense stand of dandelions. When launched, the seeds can be spread out by the end up to a number of hundred meters from their source. The seeds are likewise a common pollutant in crop and forage seeds. The plants are versatile to the majority of soils and the seeds are not depending on cold temperatures before they will germinate however they need to be within the top 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.

officinale is food for the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana. See also List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions.

Even though dandelion pollen is of bad nutritional quality for honey bees, they easily consume it, and it can be an essential source of dietary variety in greatly managed monocultures such as that of blueberries. Honey bees have not been shown to lower their pollination activity on nearby fruit crops when foraging on dandelions.

While not in blossom, this types is sometimes puzzled with others, such as Chondrilla juncea, that have similar basal rosettes of foliage. Another plant, in some cases referred to as fall dandelion, is very similar to dandelion, but produces “yellow fields” later. Its blooms resemble a few of the species of Sonchus, however are bigger. [5]

Health benefits of dandelion

Although it’s frequently dismissed as little bit more than a stubborn yard weed, dandelion has been utilized in lots of kinds of traditional medicine for centuries.

While Taraxacum officinale is the most common type, numerous other dandelion types exist.

Not only can the leaves, roots, and flower include a pop of color to your plate, but they’re also typically discovered in organic teas and supplements, where they’re utilized as a natural remedy to support blood sugar level management and increase skin, liver, and heart health.

Here are 13 prospective health advantages of dandelion, in addition to some typical dangers and adverse effects.

Highly healthy

From root to flower, dandelions are extremely healthy plants filled with vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

Dandelion greens can be eaten cooked or raw and are an exceptional source of vitamins A, C, and K. They likewise include vitamin E, folate, and percentages of other B vitamins.

What’s more, dandelion greens offer a significant amount of numerous minerals, consisting of iron, calcium, magnesium, and potassium.

The root of the dandelion is rich in the carbohydrate inulin, a kind of soluble fiber found in plants that supports the growth and upkeep of healthy gut bacteria in your digestive tract.

Dandelion root is often dried and made into tea, but you can likewise consume it whole as you do other root vegetables.


The nutritional content of dandelion reaches all parts of the plant. Dandelion is an abundant source of fiber and many vitamins and minerals.

Consists of powerful antioxidants

Dandelion has plenty of potent anti-oxidants, which might discuss a lot of its medicinal homes.

Anti-oxidants are substances that assist neutralize free radicals– particles that are a product of normal metabolism but add to persistent disease threat if levels get too expensive in your body. Therefore, anti-oxidants are crucial for keeping your body healthy.

Dandelions include high levels of the anti-oxidant beta carotene, which might protect versus cell damage and oxidative tension.

They’re likewise abundant in another kind of antioxidants called polyphenols, which are discovered primarily in the flower but happen in the roots, leaves, and stems as well.


Dandelions are a rich source of beta carotene and polyphenol compounds, both of which might neutralize hazardous complimentary radicals and protect against persistent disease.

Might assist fight inflammation

Dandelion may decrease inflammation, thanks to specific substances such as polyphenols.

Inflammation is a normal immune system response to injury or infection. Nevertheless, long-term inflammation might result in irreversible damage to your body’s tissues and DNA.

Some test-tube studies note considerably decreased markers of inflammation in cells treated with compounds extracted from dandelion.

One research study in mice with inflammatory lung disease revealed a significant decrease of lung swelling in those that received dandelion.

Still, human research is required.


Minimal animal and test-tube research recommends that dandelion has anti-inflammatory homes, though human research studies are doing not have.

May help in blood glucose management

Chicoric and chlorogenic acid are 2 bioactive substances in dandelion that might assist reduce blood sugar levels.

Test-tube and animal research studies show that these compounds might enhance the secretion of insulin– a hormonal agent that regulates blood sugar level levels– as well as the absorption of glucose (sugar) in your muscles.

This process causes improved insulin level of sensitivity and decreased blood sugar levels.

In some animal studies, chicoric and chlorogenic acid also limited the digestion of starchy, high carbohydrate foods, which may even more contribute to dandelion’s capability to lower blood sugar level levels.

Although these results are encouraging, more research study is needed in human beings.


Dandelion includes bioactive substances that have been shown to minimize blood glucose in animal and test-tube research studies. However, human research study is still required.

May minimize cholesterol and triglyceride levels

Some substances in dandelion may reduce triglyceride and cholesterol levels, both of which are essential danger aspects for cardiovascular disease.

In one test-tube study, dandelion leaf and root extract decreased triglyceride build-up in fat cells.

Likewise, a 4-week animal study showed that administering dandelion leaf extract to rats considerably minimized levels of overall cholesterol and triglycerides.

What’s more, an older rabbit study showed that adding dandelion roots and delegates a high cholesterol diet plan lowered cholesterol levels.

However, existing research is limited to test-tube and animal studies.


Some animal studies indicate that dandelion minimizes cholesterol and triglyceride levels, but research study in people is needed.

May lower high blood pressure

Although some individuals declare that dandelion may reduce blood pressure, studies are restricted.

Standard natural medication utilizes dandelion for its diuretic effect based upon the belief that it can cleanse certain organs.

In Western medication, diuretic medications are used to rid the body of excess fluid, which might assist decrease high blood pressure levels.

One older human research study discovered dandelion to be a reliable diuretic. Nevertheless, this research study was short and included just 17 people.

Dandelion also includes potassium, a mineral associated with reduced blood pressure in those with previously raised levels. Hence, this plant may have an indirect impact on high blood pressure due to its potassium material.

Significantly, this impact isn’t distinct to dandelion– it applies to any potassium-rich food eaten as part of a healthy diet plan.


Dandelion might decrease high blood pressure as a result of its diuretic effect and potassium content. However, extremely little research study is readily available.

May promote liver health

Some animal research studies suggest that dandelion extract may protect versus liver damage and illness.

In fact, one animal study discovered that it assisted avoid liver damage in mice exposed to salt dichromate, a compound utilized to cause liver injury.

Other animal studies have actually revealed that dandelion extract might decrease levels of excess fat saved in the liver and secure against oxidative stress.

Nevertheless, human research study is required.


Animal research studies suggest that dandelion might safeguard versus liver damage, but more research study is required in people.

May aid weight-loss

Some research study indicates that dandelions and their compounds might support weight control, though the data isn’t definitive.

Some scientists suggest that dandelion’s ability to enhance carbohydrate metabolism and reduce fat absorption might cause weight loss. Nevertheless, this theory has yet to be scientifically shown.

One research study in mice likewise suggests that dandelion extract may assist weight management by decreasing fat absorption.

Another study in mice discovered that chlorogenic acid, a compound found in dandelion, decreased body weight, reduced fat accumulation, and altered levels of certain proteins involved in weight control.

Still, more high quality research study in humans is required.


Some animal studies keep in mind that dandelion substances may support weight control, however no human research studies have actually assessed this effect.

Might have anticancer results

Possibly one of the most interesting health declares about dandelion extract is its prospective to prevent the development of cancerous cells in numerous organ systems.

A 4-week research study in rats showed that administering dandelion root extract customized particular paths associated with reducing the growth and spread of breast cancer cells.

Other test-tube research studies have actually discovered that dandelion root extract may slow the growth of cancer cells in liver, colon, and stomach tissue.

These findings are encouraging, but human research is lacking.


Numerous test-tube research studies have determined that dandelion extract might slow the development of certain types of cancer. However, research study is needed in people.

Might assistance healthy digestion and deal with constipation

Dandelion is typically utilized in conventional medicine to deal with irregularity and improve digestive health.

One older animal study discovered a substantial boost in the rates of stomach contractions and stomach emptying in rats treated with dandelion extract.

Dandelion root is likewise an abundant source of the prebiotic fiber inulin, which has been revealed to minimize irregularity and promote the movement of food through the gastrointestinal system.

What’s more, with more than 3 grams of fiber per prepared cup (105 grams), dandelion greens might bump up your fiber intake. Fiber supports bowel regularity and protects versus a variety of gastrointestinal conditions, including hemorrhoids and diverticulitis.


Dandelion is abundant in fiber and prebiotic compounds such as inulin– both of which may support bowel regularity, among other digestive benefits.

May improve immune health

Some research suggests that dandelion might have antimicrobial and antiviral properties, which might support your body’s capability to eliminate infection.

A number of test-tube studies have discovered that dandelion extract considerably minimizes infections’ capability to duplicate.

Research study likewise suggests that some active compounds in dandelion secure against various hazardous germs.

Eventually, more research is needed in human beings.


Although research study in human beings is doing not have, some test-tube studies recommend that dandelion has antiviral and antibacterial residential or commercial properties.

May be a helpful skin care treatment

Animal and test-tube research keeps in mind that dandelion extract might secure against skin damage caused by sunshine, aging, and acne.

In one research study, dandelion leaf and flower extracts prevented skin damage when used right before or instantly after exposure to UVB radiation, which is the radiation you obtain from sunlight. Remarkably, dandelion root did not have the exact same result.

An older test-tube study showed that dandelion root extract increased the generation of new skin cells, which might support your skin’s look as you age.

Furthermore, older research shows that dandelion extract may minimize skin inflammation and irritation while increasing hydration and collagen production. This may work in preventing and dealing with certain kinds of acne.

However, current research on the results of dandelion on skin health is doing not have, and studies are restricted to test tubes and animals.


Animal and test-tube research studies suggest that dandelion may protect versus skin damage brought on by sun damage, aging, and acne. More research study in people is required.

Might support healthy bones

Very little research has actually been conducted on dandelion’s result on bone health, though some of its individual nutrients contribute to the upkeep of strong, healthy bones.

Dandelion greens are an excellent source of calcium and vitamin K, both of which play a crucial function in bone health.

One small study linked an increased consumption of vitamin K-rich leafy green veggies to lower blood levels of osteocalcin, a protein discovered in your bones. This recommends that consuming more leafy greens such as dandelion greens might assist prevent bone loss.

Inulin, a fiber found in dandelion root, might also support healthy bones by enhancing digestion and gut health.

In addition, some research suggests that the antioxidants in dandelion and other greens play an essential role in bone health and secure versus bone loss by decreasing oxidative stress.


Research on dandelion’s impacts on bone health is lacking, though some elements of the plant are known to support the maintenance of strong bones. [6]

What is dandelion tea?

You can make dandelion tea from the leaves, flowers, or roots of the plants, with the latter being the most typical approach. Natural tea made with the flowers tends to be more fragile and sweet than those made with the roots or leaves. Dandelion leaves are generally collected in the spring while the roots and flowers for tea are removed in the fall. Dandelion tea can also be discovered in tea bags at your local tea shop.

The dandelion plant is understood by the botanical name Taraxacum officinale. This plant is frequently utilized to make dandelion tea and dandelion white wine as well as dandelion jelly and jams. These plants derive their name from the French phrase “dent-de-lion,” which translates to lion’s tooth.


Dandelion tea is normally delicate and gently sweet in flavor. Roasted dandelion teas like dandelion coffee tend to have a more powerful, warm taste and a deeper aroma. The dandelion plant is not subduing so it can be combined with bold tastes such as masala chai and black tea leaves. It is often sweeten or flavored utilizing citrus fruits and other garden greens. [7]

How to make dandelion tea?

Recipe for dandelion tea

Because Dandelion is said to be utilized for fighting cancer cells, Dandelion Root Tea must be your choice for the cause and to support health. Here’s how you can make a delicious cup of this goodness.

  1. Put 8 oz of water into the pan. That would be 1 cup.
  2. Boil it at 140 degrees Fahrenheit.
  3. Include 2 tablespoon of dried Dandelion Root.
  4. Let it high for a minimum of 3 minutes
  5. Shut off the burner and let the mix steep for thirty minutes.
  6. Restrain the mixture in a cup.
  7. Add honey according to your taste. You can utilize 1 1/2 tablespoon.

Take pleasure in!!

How to make dandelion flower tea?

  1. Pick 10 Dandelion heads (flower) and dispose of the leaves connected to it. If you are utilizing jam-packed Dandelion flower, include 2 tablespoons.
  2. Keep this active ingredient in a pitcher.
  3. Let boil 1 cup of water in a saucepan.
  4. When the water is hot enough, pour it in the pitcher.
  5. Let it steep for 20 minutes.
  6. Limit the mix.
  7. Add 2 tablespoon of honey and stir well.

Voila! Here is your Dandelion Flower tea. You can consume it as an iced tea too. Simply let it cool in the fridge or add ice cubes. [8]

Dandelion side effects

Get emergency situation medical assistance if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; trouble breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Although not all negative effects are known, dandelion is thought to be possibly safe for most people.

This is not a complete list of adverse effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical recommendations about negative effects. [9]

How should I take dandelion?

When considering making use of herbal supplements, look for the advice of your physician. You might likewise think about speaking with a professional who is trained in making use of herbal/health supplements.

If you choose to utilize dandelion, utilize it as directed on the package or as directed by your medical professional, pharmacist, or other doctor. Do not use more of this item than is advised on the label.

Call your physician if the condition you are treating with dandelion does not improve, or if it becomes worse while utilizing this product.

Shop at space temperature away from wetness and heat. [10]

Possible interactions

Dandelion leaf may serve as a diuretic, which can make drugs leave your body quicker. It likewise interacts with a number of medications that are broken down by the liver. If you are taking prescription medications, ask your medical professional before taking dandelion leaf. Medications that might interact with dandelion include:.

  • Antacids: Dandelion might increase the amount of stomach acid, so antacids might not work also.
  • Blood-thinning medications (anticoagulants and antiplatelets): It is possible that dandelion might increase the threat of bleeding, especially if you already take blood thinners such as aspirin, warfarin (Coumadin), or clopidogrel (Plavix).
  • Diuretics (water tablets): Dandelion might function as a diuretic, triggering your body to produce more urine to get rid of excess fluid. If you also take prescription diuretics, or other herbs that function as diuretics, you could be at risk of electrolyte imbalances.
  • Lithium: Lithium is used to deal with bipolar disorder. Animal studies suggest that dandelion might aggravate the negative effects of lithium.
  • Ciproflaxin (Cipro): One species of dandelion, Taraxacum mongolicum, also called Chinese dandelion, may decrease the quantity of the antibiotic ciproflaxin that your body takes in. Scientists do not know whether the typical dandelion would do the same thing.
  • Medications for diabetes: Theoretically, dandelion might reduce blood sugar levels. If you take medications for diabetes, taking dandelion might increase the threat of low blood sugar.
  • Medications broken down by the liver: Dandelion can communicate with a variety of medications. To be safe, ask your doctor before taking dandelion if you take any medication. [11]

Safety measures

Avoid taking dandelion if you dislike any of the following plants:.

  • Ragweed
  • Chrysanthemums
  • Marigold
  • Chamomile
  • Feverfew
  • Yarrow
  • Plants in the Asteraceae family (such as sunflowers and daisies)

Individuals who are allergic to dandelion might experience rash, watery eyes, and other allergy signs. Dandelion also consists of iodine and latex, so prevent it if you have allergies to either of these items.

Individuals who are pregnant or lactating and children should not take dandelion remedies due to the lack of research study into their long-lasting security. Dandelion is thought to be a galactagogue (a compound that may increase milk production); however, no substantial research supports its usage and ought to be discussed with your lactation expert or healthcare supplier. [12]


Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation causes damage in skin by generating extreme reactive oxygen types (ROS) and induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), causing skin photo ageing. Dandelion extracts have long been utilized for traditional Chinese medicine and native American medication to treat cancers, hepatitis, and gastrointestinal illness; however, less is known on the effects of dandelion extracts in skin photo aging. Here we discovered that dandelion leaf and flower extracts considerably safeguard UVB irradiation-inhibited cell practicality when added before UVB irradiation or without delay after irradiation. Dandelion leaf and flower extracts inhibited UVB irradiation-stimulated MMP activity and ROS generation. Dandelion root extracts revealed less action on safeguarding HDFs from UVB irradiation-induced MMP activity, ROS generation, and cell death. In addition, dandelion leaf and flower however not root extracts stimulated glutathione generation and glutathione reductase mRNA expression in the existence or lack of UVB irradiation. We likewise found that dandelion leaf and flower extracts help soak up UVB irradiation. In addition, dandelion extracts substantially secured HDFs from H2O2-induced cellular senescence. In conclusion, dandelion extracts particularly leaf and flower extracts are potent protective representatives against UVB damage and H2O2-induced cellular senescence in HDFs by reducing ROS generation and MMP activities and assisting UVB absorption. [13]


  1. Https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dandelion
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-706/dandelion
  3. Https://blog.gardeningknowhow.com/tbt/dandelion-plant-history-facts/
  4. Https://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/plants/plants/dandelion
  5. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/taraxacum_officinale#ecology
  6. Https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/dandelion-benefits#toc_title_hdr_14
  7. Https://senchateabar.com/blogs/blog/how-to-make-dandelion-tea
  8. Https://teaswan.com/blogs/news/how-to-make-dandelion-tea
  9. Https://www.drugs.com/mtm/dandelion.html#side-effects
  10. Https://www.emedicinehealth.com/drug-dandelion/article_em.htm#howtake
  11. Https://www.mountsinai.org/health-library/herb/dandelion
  12. Https://www.verywellhealth.com/the-benefits-of-dandelion-root-89103#toc-precautions
  13. Https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26576225/
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