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Catnip is a plant. The blooming tops are used to make medicine. Catnip is utilized for difficulty sleeping (sleeping disorders); stress and anxiety; migraine and other headaches; cold and other upper respiratory infections; influenza; swine influenza; fever; hives; worms; and gastrointestinal (GI) upset, including indigestion, colic, cramping, and gas (flatulence). It is also utilized as a tonic, for increasing urination, and for starting menstrual periods in girls with delayed start of menstruation. Some people use catnip directly to the skin for arthritis, hemorrhoids, and as a compress to relieve swelling. Some people also smoke catnip medicinally for breathing conditions and recreationally for a “high.” In production, catnip is used as a pesticide and insecticide. [2]
Catnip, (Nepeta cataria), also called catmint, herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae), noted for its aromatic leaves, which are particularly interesting to cats. Catnip is frequently grown by feline owners for their family pets, and the dried leaves are typically utilized as a stuffing for feline toys. The herb is native to Eurasia and is utilized as a spices and as a medicinal tea for colds and fever in some places. Understand catnip’s psychoactive quality that activates excitatory responses in cats and how kitty litter( fuller’s earth) along with additives like baking soda, artificial scents, and anti-bacterial agents absorbs foul-smelling cat urine Catnip is a brief seasonal herb. The stems are usually square and bear oppositely set up toothed leaves. The plant produces spikes of little white purple-dotted flowers and easily reseeds itself. The leaves and stems consist of a volatile oil known as nepetalactone, which promotes sensory neurons in most cats, attracting them to the plant. The impact normally lasts about 10 minutes and triggers a wide range of behaviours, including purring, rolling, vocalizations, head rubbing, drooling, leaping, and sometimes aggressiveness. [3]


Catnip has rather mystical and unclear origins. Popular belief attributes the discovery and use of this plant to Etruria, which is an ancient country that was positioned in west-central Italy in the 7th century BC.However, with the age-old love that Ancient Egyptians had for cats, there are likewise theories that it’s the Ancient Egyptians that started cultivating and providing catnip to them. Regardless, catnip has been around for centuries, and records of its use can be found in Ancient Roman texts. The Ancient Roman city, Nepeta, was especially renowned for growing catnip and using it in medicine and cooking. Many Ancient Romans grew herb gardens at home, and catnip was frequently consisted of in them. With the domestication of felines currently being established for centuries, it would be not a surprise that Ancient Romans observed cats interacting with catnip in their house herb gardens. In the Middle Ages, catnip was a typical natural medication and cooking component. The reputable reputation of this herb made it easy to be consisted of on the list of travel products for cross-continental voyages. Catnip made its method to the Americas sometime in the 18th century. American colonists often used catnip in tea, or they used it topically. In fact, a Massachusetts dish written in 1712 listed catnip as an active ingredient for brewing ale.

In 1941, the researcher SM mcelvain and his team of researchers found and separated nepetalactone, the chemical responsible for causing reactions from cats. Understanding the causal element that triggered responses from felines helped to enhance and innovate the development of catnip products, such as catnip sprays. Today, it’s challenging to discover an animal store or online retailer that doesn’t sell catnip. The success stories of numerous top quality catnip producers, such as Cosmic Catnip, likewise led the way for producing premium catnip, and the standard for catnip increased substantially. [4]


Catnip is a vigorous and weedy herbaceous seasonal native to Eurasia in the mint family (Lamiaceae) that is hardy in zones 3-9. Commonly naturalized throughout temperate regions of the world, Nepeta cataria is among numerous types that are referred to jointly as catmints. Usually discovered in disturbed areas, such as roadsides or field edges, along streams or on waste ground, this plant has aromatic leaves that many cats are drawn in to, although lots of people are not fascinated of their pungent smell, variously referred to as a mix of thyme and oregano to “slightly skunky”.

Catnip has green to gray-green foliage on erect, branched stems and a rangy practice. Like other members of the mint family, it has the characteristic square stems of mint plants and opposite leaves with 1 inch petioles. The light green stems and petioles are covered with fine hairs. The triangular to ovate leaves are up to 3 inches long with coarse teeth along the edges (crenate margins) and are cordate at the base. Both upper and lower surface areas are covered with fine hairs, and a reticulated network of veins is plainly visible on the upper side. Plants die back to the ground in the winter, and fresh stems emerge in early spring. Plants can grow up to 3 feet high and broad under perfect conditions, and might form colonies from the brief roots. Plants flower anytime from late spring through fall, flowering for one to two months. The small flowers (about 1/3 inch long) are borne in densely crowded whorls on spike-like terminal racemes. The private bilabiate (two-lipped) flowers, typical of the mint family, are white with pale purple or pink identifying on the lower lip. The small upper lip has 2 lobes, while the lower lip has three lobes, with a larger middle lobe with a frilly outer edge. Bees of all types, wasps and flies, in addition to various types of butterflies, check out the nectar-laden flowers. Shearing after initial blooming promotes duplicated blooming. Flowers are changed by seed capsules, each containing four smooth, ovoid nutlets. Seed-eating birds, such as goldfinches, may visit the plants if not deadheaded. This plant reseeds easily, and may end up being an annoyance in some locations however is not normally considered an invasive plant in Wisconsin. To reduce reseeding, cut the plants all the way to the ground after flowering. Catnip is not particularly kept in mind for its decorative qualities, so it is rarely cultivated exclusively as a decorative, or to attract butterflies, however it is typically grown for home felines. Other catmints with showier flowers and better-behaved habits (however less enticing leaves for felines), such as Nepeta x faassenii or N. Racemosa, make much better ornamentals, however N. Cateria could be combined with other perennials in the border as for the other catmints as part of a “cat-friendly yard,” or included in an herb garden. It can likewise be grown in containers. Pinching back frequently will result in a more compact and less weedy looking plant. Catnip grows finest completely sun and average, well-drained soil, but makes it through in partial shade and prospers in bad soils. Soil wetness and fertility levels significantly affect plant size. As soon as established, this plant is relatively dry spell tolerant. Pinching as the plants are maturing in the spring will help develop a more thick, well-shaped plant if grown as an ornamental. It is not favored by deer but could be harmed by strolling felines (generally breaking the stems when rolling on the plant). Someone recommended putting an ornamental bird cage over the plant to protect it from marauding cats and others recommend growing it in a hanging basket to keep it out of reach. It is readily propagated by seed (sown seed inside your home a couple of weeks prior to the last frost) or by department of established plants. [5]


A pot experiment was carried out during 2 succeeding seasons to report the variation of growth characters and necessary oil structure of Nepeta cataria (catmint) and Nepeta cataria var. Citriodora (lemon catnip) plants. There are no considerable distinctions between growth and yield characters of both plants. The results showed that important oil acquired from catmint and lemon catnip showed significant variability in their material and chemical composition. Portion of vital oil material of catmint 1st and 2nd cuts throughout first season were 0.107% and 0.253% whereas recorded for the 2nd season 0.117% and 0.247%, respectively. Additionally, lemon catnip plants gave 0.237% and 0.363 in the 1st season versus 0.243% and 0.350% in the 2nd one throughout the very first and 2nd cuts, respectively. The primary important oil constituents of catmint were 4a-α, 7-α, 7a-α-nepetalactone, 4a-α,7- β,7 a-α nepetalactone, geraniol and α-pinene while nerol, citronellal, neral and caryophyllene oxide were the primary constituents of lemon catnip. [6]

Nutritional Worth

Trustworthy nutrition information isn’t readily available for catnip because so little of it is cost human usage. Nevertheless, it’s reasonable to assume that catnip tea, like all other teas, has little to no protein, fats, and carbohydrates when drunk on its own. Catnip is rich in anti-oxidants called flavonoids and phenolic acids. These consist of:.

  • Caffeic acid
  • Rosmarinic acid
  • Coumaric acid

Research studies show that rosmarinic acid has stronger antioxidant impacts than vitamin E. Antioxidants avoid cell damage brought on by complimentary radicals, and minimize the risk of cancer and atherosclerosis. Rosmarinic acid is likewise used to deal with stomach ulcers and asthma. [7]

5 Different Varieties of Catnip

Catnip is best referred to as the “drug of option” for cats. However, it also has a number of health benefits for people. There are over 250 ranges. Below are a few of the much better known varieties you might consider for your garden.

Typical Catnip

This is the range finest liked by cats. The stem and leaves are covered in fine, downy hairs. The heart shaped leaves are gray-green with a scalloped edge. High spikes above the leaves are covered in white flowers. The plant will mature to 3 feet high.

Camphor Catnip

Camphor catnip smells of camphor rather than the requirement, minty smell. It is not popular with cats. The plant looks much the same as common catnip, other than the flowers have purple dots in the throat and it just grows to 18 inches high.

Greek Catnip

This range of catnip is a pale green, nearly white. The flowers are pink. It is smaller than common catnip, just growing to 18 inches.

Lemon Catnip

Lemon catnip looks similar as common catnip in size and color, though the flowers can have purple areas. It likewise smells highly of lemon. This makes it less attractive to felines, however a charming alternative for making tea.


Catmint has purple flowers and just grows to 15 inches, however it is otherwise much like typical catnip. Its little size and bright flowers make it a great filler in a flower garden. [8]


Most likely the most important health advantages of catnip include its capability to relax agitated sleep, lower anxiety and stress, relieve menstrual pain, help get rid of eating disorders, ease stomach discomfort, speed up the healing from colds and fevers, detoxify the body, lower inflammation throughout the body, and even speed wound healing. Let’s take specific notification at some of the finest health benefits of catnip.

1. Stress Relief

The same quality which makes catnip so interesting felines, particularly considering that it makes them rather “high” and sedates them, may also pertain to human beings in the more controlled way. Catnip can provide stress relief and lower long-lasting anxiety just as one organic treatment whenever consumed, consumed by means of a juice or even tea, or when smoked just as one herb. This could also help to decrease the secondary indications of long-lasting stress as well as reinforce your defense reaction.

2. Alleviates Flatulence

Catnip has been broadly known as a carminative throughout 17th century. It will help to combat flatulence in addition to bloating by taking out the gases saved in the abdominal area. You may either use it just as one vital oil or perhaps as tea. If you are utilizing as oil, then add 3 to 4 drops into a tidy napkin along with smell. A warm catnip tea together with ginger provides you with comparable advantages.

3. Sleep Help

Catnip has actually been utilized by people with insomnia and even sleep uneasyness for hundreds, if not countless years. The sedative nature enables you to decrease the body’s natural cycles in addition to induce a calm, relaxed state. People have the ability to better sleep throughout the night for undisturbed, peaceful sleep. Lots of people choose to consume a cup of catnip tea before going to sleep to make certain a rejuvenating sleep.

4. Delays Early Aging

Early ageing is troublesome for ladies. Taking in two cups of this tea is acknowledged to position your stress over this problem at rest. Catnip leaves include excellent quantity of anti-oxidants. These kinds of antioxidants soak up the free radicals checking out within your body. The hazardous components, if left unharnessed, lead to fine lines, wrinkles, along with droops– symptoms and signs of premature ageing. This particular herbal infusion assists prevent the start of these signs, speeds up the repair work procedure, along with delays early aging to some extent.

5. Digestive Problems

Catnip is specifically excellent at clearing gastrointestinal concerns, especially irregularity, extreme flatulence, cramping, and bloating. The relaxing, anti-inflammatory effects of catnip’s natural compounds can alleviate the knots along with swelling within your intestinal system along with decreasing tightness in addition to discomfort.

6. Accelerate Injury Recovery Process

You might utilize a cool catnip infusion like a skin disinfectant to totally clean the inflicted region. This can assist in boosting the fixing procedure for the tissues. It cleans the injuries, serves as an antiseptic, in addition to paves way for a quicker healing along with recovery.

7. Treats Nervous Disorders

The nervine qualities of the important oil produced from catnip works well for relaxing the nervous system, which makes it a best natural solution for many nerve-related situations which includes vertigo, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. It motivates the nerves, promotes their functioning, for that reason using relief.

8. Menstrual Cramps

For ladies fighting with especially unpleasant menstrual cramps, catnip tea is frequently suggested as a substitute treatment, because it can quickly decrease those cramps and tensions on the body. In addition, the sedative, relaxing results of catnip may also soothe other possible signs of menstruation, like state of mind swings in addition to depression.

9. Headache Reliever

Despite the fact that the specific system isn’t completely comprehended, catnip has shown to be truly terrific at the management of headaches, even long-lasting migraines. Rubbing the necessary oil around the afflicted area might work, yet consuming catnip tea or rubbing a catnip leaf salve on the temples might also supply fast relief.

10. Natural Remedy For Dandruff

The astringent along with antiseptic qualities of the herb enable it to be utilized as an option for dandruff. Just use a cool mixture of the herb in your scalp and hair and clean off after a long time. You may likewise use this like a leave-on serum, in case the dandruff is caused because of an inflamed scalp.

11. Speeds the Recovery Process

In regards to colds and flus, among the fastest techniques to clear out the body is typically to cause sweating and acquire the toxins flushed through the system. This is particularly true in the matter of fevers, once the insufficient sweating prior to the fever breaks is simply keeping those toxins as well as pathogens within the body. Catnip triggers sweating, so is regularly suggested by alternative practitioners for the treatment of the common cold.

12. Hydrates And Conditions Hair

Catnip tea is an incredible deep conditioning representative. Simply intertwine the hair and soak it in the catnip tea infusion. Additionally, you can use it like a conditioning representative after shampooing the hair. It also acts as a leave in conditioner, keeping the hair moisturized in addition to conditioned. Furthermore, it leaves the hairs noticeably smooth and soft.

13. Anti-Inflammatory Activity

As mentioned in the past, the chemical constituents of catnip are especially effective as anti-inflammatory representatives. Which means that catnip can be excellent at the management of arthritis, gout, sprained muscles, hurting joints, along with hemorrhoids. Topical application or regular use of leaves, juice, or tea could be effective for all of these circumstances.

14. Reduces Cramps

The anti-spasmodic qualities of the herb deal rest from numerous types of cramps. It effortlessly in addition to effectively helps reduce the tensed muscles along with grants you with instant relief. That’s the reason a steam inhalation with some drops of the catnip important oil is recommended throughout bronchial asthma along with other spasmodic breathing issues for faster relief.

15. Influenza Treatment

Catnip is actually an useful house cure for influenza and cold for a great deal of factors. Compounds within simply catnip are viewed to have anti-bacterial as well as antiviral qualities, and may increase the defense reaction. Furthermore, it may help break fevers, when you are under the weather so can continue to keep the body temperature down.

16. Skin Conditions

The natural repellent quality of catnip causes it to be well matched for keeping bugs faraway from gardens whenever kept just as one ornamental plant, but the natural substances within the plant make it well suited for soothing bug bites in addition to alleviating irritation onto the skin. Using salves or extracts to irritated or damaged skin can speed the healing procedure and lower swelling quickly.

17. Great For Weight Loss

Once again the diaphoretic property of the herb enters play. It triggers sweating, for that reason enables the eliminating of contaminants through the body through sweat. The lower the contaminants are, the more effective your metabolic process levels be. A higher metabolic rate will boost fat loss treatment, which frequently will aid with weight reduction.

18. Complete Nutrient

Although consuming catnip leaves is certainly the least typical kind of usage for people, catnip in fact features a rather exceptional collection of nutrients, from helpful chemicals and various organic substances to important acids, minerals, and vitamins that the bodies need. Simply put, the plant can perform a lot more than knock out a feline!

19. Beneficial For Kidneys

Catnip is actually a perhaps effective diuretic that invokes regular urination. This, in turn is terrific for people who have kidney failure activated edema. A cupful of this tea motivates urination, helping in excretion in addition to removal of wastes through the kidneys. This will help in faster recovery in such conditions. [9]

Negative effects

Catnip has actually long been used in traditional medicine to ease numerous conditions. It’s believed to have a number of possible health benefits. Its effects appear to depend on how you consume it and your dose.

It soothes and sedates

You may be amazed to learn that catnip is mostly used by human beings for its relaxing and sedative effects. This is a far cry from the wacky effect many cats seem to delight in. It’s difficult to say how effective it is as a sedative, however. Aside from anecdotal proof and a number of outdated animal research studies, there isn’t much to go on in the research study world around human beings and catnip. Catnip does consist of a substance called nepetalactone, however, which has homes similar to valerian, a popular organic sedative. The substance might promote relaxation, which is why individuals might utilize catnip to assist handle:.

  • Anxiety
  • Uneasyness
  • Insomnia

It might alleviate headaches

The calming effect of catnip has actually also been thought to help alleviate headaches, There’s no clinical information to support using catnip as a headache remedy for humans. Plus, headaches are in fact among the reported side effects of catnip. Still, some people swear by catnip tea to help alleviate their headaches.

It can deal with specific types of infection

Catnip poultices made from the dried leaves and flowers of the plant are a folk remedy for toothaches that individuals still use today. Tea made from the herb has actually also been utilized for centuries to eliminate toothaches. It turns out that those people were onto something! Extracts of catnip have actually been reported to have anti-bacterial and antifungal properties that stop the development and adhesion of particular types of bacteria. There’s also that catnip’s antimicrobial properties could efficiently deal with and avoid oral infections.

It’s an aphrodisiac– sort of

Catnip was once believed to have aphrodisiac properties. Now, this hasn’t been shown in people, however an older animal had some intriguing results. [10]

Some Cautions

Always consult your physician if you suspect you have any major health conditions and don’t simply rely on any one herbal remedy. While some individuals like to smoke it, it should be kept in mind that catnip burns quickly and requires to be blended with tobacco. This indicates inhaling smoke, which is shown to be hazardous to your lungs and general health. It has actually been reported that some individuals thought it wasn’t worth smoking as they ended up being quite ill and went through headaches and throwing up.

Other Warnings Include.

  • Prevent if pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Don’t consume if you have pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Do not take in if you dislike mint
  • Avoid giving it to young children or infants
  • Avoid eyes
  • Do not take catnip if driving or operating heavy equipment
  • Prevent consuming if you have a heavy menstruation [11]

For individuals experiencing liver or kidney conditions, the use of catnip might be risky, particularly if you are regularly consuming the tea. Furthermore, pregnant females must avoid it, as it can prematurely cause labor. Aside from those particular concerns, it is usually thought about non-allergenic and safe to users. The high effectiveness of the essential oil must be thought about, however, and extracts need to constantly be blended with provider oils. [12]


Simply put, catnip has a long history of human use and is still consisted of today in many natural solution compendiums. Although it might help stop a stomachache or calm frazzled nerves, people experience few, if any, envigorating impacts from catnip. So when it comes to “feelin’ groovy”, it’s finest to leave the toy mice to the felines. [13]
Catnip isn’t just for felines either. Nepeta cataria is likewise known to help humans and has actually been used for its sedative properties for centuries. It has comparable homes to chamomile and is likewise a really powerful mosquito repellent.Luckily, cats can not overdose on catnip, however that does not imply you don’t wish to know if what your feline is rolling around in is safe for them. [14]


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