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Calamus (Acorus calamus, Acoraceae), likewise known as sweet flag, is a water plant, typically discovered in marshes, similar to a cat-tail, with reed-like stems, sword-shaped leaves and long-branched, cigar-shaped rhizomes frequently immersed in mud, that prefers complete sun. The tiny unnoticeable, yellow-green flowers appear off a long, thick, fleshy spike (spadix). Assessment of the DNA has revealed that this calamus is the oldest living lineage of the monocots.
The scent, while found in all parts of the plant, is most aromatic in the roots. It has actually been referred to as sweet with a sharp tang and “a fragile combination of green leaves, roses, and orris with nuances of a clean, fatty smell.” Calamus was included in Egyptian perfume formulations and might have been an active ingredient in their premier perfume Kyphi. The Greeks included calamus in their Kyphi variations. No proof exists that it was grown in Egypt, making it a pricey import from India and Syria. Rekhmere, the vizier to Tuthmosis III (1465 BCE), manage the pharoah’s storehouses and included scenes from his position on his burial place in Thebes. Included twice are stacks of bound reeds, one between jars of incense and another with a recognized fragrance ingredient, with the hieroglyphic inscription kenen, believed to be calamus.
According to Pliny, the plant grew in Arabia, Syria, and India, with Syria having the superior quality. He describes the Syrian range as having “an especially fine fragrance which draws in people even from a long way off … Inside television there is a sort of cobweb which is called the flower, the plant containing most of this is the very best. The remaining tests of its goodness are that it must be black … and it is better the shorter and thicker it is and if it is pliant in its breaking.”
The blades were spread as rushes in middle ages and Renaissance facilities, by both the gentry and the serfs, and was extremely valued by the churches. One of the charges brought by the Crown versus Cardinal Woolsey was his extreme use of the hurries which needed to be transported to London from Norfolk and Suffolk.
The Greeks utilized it to deal with eye illness, from whence the plant gets its name; akore is the Greek word for “without pupil”. The dried rhizomes were extensively used in bitters, vermouths, liqueurs, and sugary foods. In Europe, calamus preparations were used to deal with indigestion, flatulence, and acidity. Calamus has actually been consisted of in Ayurvedic medicine for countless years, and the Vedic seers held it in reverence. 
Sweet flag is a herbaceous seasonal, 2 m (79 in) high. Its leaves looks like those of the iris household. Sweet flag consists of tufts of basal leaves that increase from a dispersing rhizome. The leaves are erect yellowish-brown, radical, with pink sheathing at their bases, sword-shaped, flat and narrow, tapering into a long, severe point, and have parallel veins. The leaves have smooth edges, which can be wavy or crimped. The sweet flag can be distinguished from iris and other comparable plants by the crimped edges of the leaves, the aromatic smell it produces when squashed, and the presence of a spadix.
Just plants that grow in water bear flowers. The solid, triangular flower-stems rise from the axils of the outer leaves. A semi-erect spadix emerges from one side of the flower stem. The spadix is solid, cylindrical, tapers at each end, and is 5 to 10 cm in length. A covering spathe, as is usual with Araceae, is absent. The spadix is densely crowded with tiny greenish-yellow flowers. Each flower includes 6 petals and stamens confined in a perianth with 6 departments, surrounding a three-celled, elongate ovary with a sessile stigma. The flowers are sweetly aromatic. In Europe, it flowers for about a month in late spring or early summer, however does not bear fruit. The fruit is a berry filled with mucous, which when ripe falls under the water and distributes by drifting. In Asia, it also fruits sparingly, and propagates itself generally by growth of its rhizome, forming colonies.
The branched, cylindrical, knobby root is the density of a human finger and has many coarse fibrous roots below it. The exterior is brown and the interior white.
Range and environment
Sweet flag grows in India, central Asia, southern Russia and Siberia, Europe and North America.  Habitats consist of edges of ponds, ponds and rivers, marshes, swamps, and other wetlands.  
Names and etymology
In addition to “sweet flag” and “calamus” other typical names include beewort, bitter pepper root, calamus root, flag root, gladdon, myrtle flag, myrtle yard, myrtle root, myrtle sedge, pine root, sea sedge, sweet cane, sweet cinnamon, sweet grass, sweet myrtle, sweet root, sweet rush, and sweet sedge.
The generic name is the Latin word acorus, which is derived from the Greek άχόρου (áchórou) of Dioscorides (note various variations of the text have various spellings). The word άχόρου itself is believed to have been derived from the word κόρη (kóri), which means student (of an eye), because of the juice from the root of the plant being used as a treatment in illness of the eye (‘ darkening of the pupil’).
The specific name calamus is originated from Greek κάλαμος (kálamos, suggesting “reed”), cognate to Latin culmus (” stalk”) and Old English healm (” straw”), Arabic قَلَم (qálam, “pen”) and Sanskrit लेखणी (lekhanee,” writing instrument”, in turn from Proto-Indo European * kole-mo- (thought to mean “grass” or “reed”). [citation required] The name “sweet flag” refers to its sweet aroma and its similarity to Iris types, which are commonly known as flags in English considering that the late fourteenth century. 
Medicinal Characteristics of Calamus/ Vasambhu
- The Calamus plant has various medical properties, each of which individually secures the body from different infections and provides stability.
- Vacha has Thermogenic, Emetic, Aromatic, Anthelmintic homes.
- Besides, it can successfully function as a Diuretic, Carminative, Laxative.
- This Sweet Flag consists of Anti-inflammatory, Antibacterial, Anti-convulsant, Antipyretic, Antispasmodic traits.
- It has the capability to promote Aphrodisiac, Expectorant.
- Calamus stimulates scent that makes the brain and nerve system rejuvenate. It likewise works against digestion conditions.
- In addition to, it possesses chemical representatives such as Expectorant, Emmenagogue.
- Acorus Calamus has the residential or commercial properties of Anodyne drug that soothe the discomfort by decreasing the sensitivity of the nerve system and brain.
- The Sudorific is a chemical agent that triggers sweating, this agent is present in the Vasambu herb.
- To eliminate the hazardous infection and bacteria in the body Calamus has Insecticidal which is a type of pesticide.
- Furthermore, this herbal plant has Tranquilizing, Sedative, Nervine tonic, Tonic, and Lekhanya homes to supply a calming effect.
20 Health Benefits of Calamus (Sweet Flag)
The seasonal herb Acorus Calamus has numerous remarkable health advantages and medicinal worths. From ancient times till today the Sugary food Flag has actually been used in all the medical systems like Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, specifically in India it is very much in use.
Calamus is one of the most popular natural home remedy and is used for newborns as it has no side effects. These are added as the main ingredient in the majority of Ayurvedic medications.
In addition, the use of Calamus was widespread in Greece during the time of Hippocrates, known as the “Father of Medical Science”.
Besides, declarations made by well-known Greek physicians such as Dioscorides and Theophrastus about usings the sweet flag are still found in classical Greek literature today.
Here are a few of the benefits of such a popular herb:
1. Assists in Clarity of Voice
Sluggishness in the nerves of the tongue can cause slurred speech or bad voice. Although this is a temporary problem, marketers, administrators, teachers, scientists, and other professionals need excellent voice resources so they expect instant relief.
In such a situation, Calamus provides the very best relief and soothes the throat. Indians normally grind a well-dried Calamus bulb with a few drops of water and rub it on the child’s tongue, so that the kids can speak rapidly and plainly.
In addition, it is utilized in combination with honey to improve speech and voice.
2. Deals With Stomach Disorders
Sweet Flag is utilized to treat all stomach associated disorders like abdominal pain, muscle cramps, relentless diarrhea, bloated stomach. Calamus works in alleviating discomfort and headaches caused by digestion disorders.
The thin and long root of this plant is fried in coconut oil and then carefully ground till it ends up being a paste. Using this paste on the stomach for stomach pain triggered by indigestion and gastrointestinal disorders will offer relief in a short time.
In Ayurvedic medicine, Calamus is utilized as an outstanding medication to deal with stomach ulcers, gastritis, and anorexia. Indigestion is most common in babies and the senior, and Vacha is suggested for both to treat this problem.
Giving children a pinch of Sweet Flag Powder in the early morning and evening can easily damage the hazardous worms in their gut.
3. Effectively Cures Asthma
They fight chronic bronchitis and asthma due to the varied medical properties found in calamus. This dried herb alleviates respiratory conditions by effectively treating chest decongestion and acting as a bronchodilator.
Clients with respiratory and gastrointestinal disorders can excrete pollutants in the lungs and stomach by ingesting the preparation made by Vacha, which offers a comfortable feel.
For that reason people with respiratory system and stomach disorders are recommended to drink 2 glasses of Calamus tea everyday.
4. Stimulates Blood Circulation
The root of the Calamus plant has numerous medicinal homes that promote fixed blood flow. It is likewise used to soften the nerves and regulate blood circulation as the oil drawn out from the well-dried roots has a warming result. Calamus is extensively used to treat problems such as arthritis, rheumatism, swelling, and pain related to arthritis.
5. Cures Cough and Fever
Both the Licorice root and Calamus root ought to be boiled well in water and then filtered. Offering children this filtered water instead of tablets can easily treat fever, cough, cold, colitis, stomach ulcers, etc.
They also have a favorable effect on the body. People with a dry cough and rough cough can chew calamus root well and it will soothe the throat and treat the cough. A little piece of dried calamus root deals with a sore throat.
The Sugary food Flag ruins germs in the respiratory tracts and helps to regulate the respiratory process, therefore you can get regular respiratory function.
6. Combats Tobacco Addiction
People with tobacco chewing and smoking routines discover it extremely challenging to prevent that routine, but with the help of Calamus root, it is a lot easier to forget the sense of smoking.
In addition, its juice is used to eliminate the waste accumulated in the lungs due to smoking cigarettes. To eliminate this unhealthy addiction put a piece of Calamus root in the mouth and chew it whenever that feeling comes.
Smoking is one of the unlawful activities that can affect the respiratory tracts and cause complex illness consisting of shortness of breath, and Vacha helps to cure these conditions. You can easily stop the tobacco habit by chewing or consuming this aromatic root.
7. Dilates Blood Vessels
The high concentration of capillary can have very bad results, in such cases watering down the blood vessels will safeguard the body from any sort of functional condition.
Brain capillary disorders can cause a transient ischemic attack, cerebral palsy, coma, cerebral palsy, etc. The Calamus plant considerably adds to the dilution of the capillary in the brain, thereby significantly promoting the blood circulation to the brain.
8. Relieves Mouth Disorders
Sweet Flag is very reliable in dealing with bad breath, mouth ulcers, gingivitis, tooth decay, and loss of enamel. Vacha is utilized in Ayurvedic medication as a strong anesthetic for tooth pain.
They are also the very best treatment for the rawness of the tongue. A little piece of well-dried calamus can be chewed well, or its extract can be rubbed on the tongue, or brushed with finely powdered calamus root powder to deal with mouth-related issues.
9. Assists in Protective Skin Care
The paste made by finely grinding the roots of Calamus is used externally to treat skin-related disorders like rash, scabies, ringworm, eczema, white spots, red spots, sunburn.
The use of Sugary food Flag paste kills germs that accumulated on the skin and enhances the health of the skin. Calamus is commonly used in paranormal medication to deal with vaginal infections and genital infections.
Besides, they are considered as a natural disinfectant as they are rich in anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-convulsant, antipyretic, and antispasmodic homes.
Calamus is used to deal with serious discharge in males and to prevent genital infections in women after giving birth. The extract of Vacha and Lactose is included as the main ingredient in various skincare products as this herb has a moisturizing result on the skin.
10. Eases Sleeping disorders
It is highly suggested to treat sleeping disorders as the aroma emanating from the fresh calamus origin a calming experience in the brain, besides, this calming result relieves depression, stress, aggravation, and so on.
This anesthetic result assists to soothe both the mind and the body simultaneously and results in quality and deep sleep.
11. Acting as Natural Sedative
Asarone oil drawn out from the roots of the plant Calamus carries out activities that have neuro-pharmacological results. Additionally, this oil has the property of a soothing impact on the nerves and they also function as a natural anesthetic.
This asarone oil eases periodic tension by minimizing specific procedures that take place spontaneously, and studies have revealed that these have long-lasting relaxing results on mice.
12. Dramatically Cures Impotency
These are really useful for both males and females as they have aphrodisiac properties that can excite aphrodisiacs in Calamus roots. Generally, in many families, sexual relations is broken down for various reasons consisting of physical conditions.
Although numerous medications are prescribed for these disorders, they do not provide complete fulfillment, but rather cause adverse effects. But Calamus enhances sexual life as it produces natural impacts without any adverse effects.
Take Piper Longum, Acorus Calamus, Saussurea Lappa, Datura Seeds, and Withania Somnifera in equivalent proportions and grind well without including water. Grind to a fine powder and sort through a sieve.
Take 10 g of this mixture and blend it with ghee or milk and use it on the male genitals for 21 to 41 days. You can get the best result in the end.
13. Utilized for Hair-Related Problems
Calamus root extract is utilized to deal with hair and scalp related issues such as loss of hair, rough hair, dull hair, gray hair, thin hair, baldness. This is why this juice is an important ingredient in various hair care items.
Take a teaspoon of Calamus root powder and mix it with 2 teaspoons of cold coconut milk to make a paste. Apply this paste on areas with heavy hair loss, leave it to dry for 25 to thirty minutes, and after that wash it off. Doing this treatment as soon as a week can solve the issue of loss of hair.
14. Prevent Virus/Bacterial Infections
Calamus root has high antibacterial residential or commercial properties, so utilizing it internally or externally can successfully prevent infections in the body. Furthermore, the antibiotic nature of these does not enable any harmful biological development in the body.
15. Improve the Quality of Memory
Different human research studies have actually revealed that the company root of the calamus plant improves the quality of memory. Amnesia can be brought on by a range of aspects, consisting of trauma, aging, brain injury, and cerebral hemorrhage.
Calamus root is recommended in important medical practices including Ayurveda to enhance memory. Mix a pinch of calamus root powder, 1 cup milk, and 1/2 teaspoon honey well.
If you take this mix routinely in the morning and night for a month, your memory, knowledge, and intelligence will slowly enhance.
16. Enhance Hunger
Existing research study reveals that Calamus root has appetite-enhancing properties. The drug, which is made by combining both maitake mushroom and Calamus root, assists to cure anorexia. The root of this seasonal plant assists to increase appetite and also helps to reduce a few of the problems by managing the level of acidity that develops in the gut.
17. Help in Treating Sinus Blockage
The roots of this plant are advised for the treatment of sinus congestion (development of mucous contents in the air bags), sinus cold, and sinus headaches. The powder of Calamus origin sneezing when applied to the nose, consequently expelling all the dust in the trachea and cleansing it.
18. Offers Respiratory Reliefs
Respiratory disorders such as sinus problems and bronchitis can have a major impact on an individual’s typical life, and these disorders can occur naturally or as an adverse effects of specific other illness in the body.
Many people are highly advised to use Calamus root for respiratory concerns. Breathing in the scent of calamus root clears toxic substances in the air passages likewise cleanses the circulatory and respiratory systems.
19. Treats Arthritis and Epilepsy
Carefully grind the dried root of Calamus to become a paste and then heat it slightly. Using this warm paste on the uncomfortable areas decreases pain and cramping. This paste is especially utilized to treat arthritis, joint pain, and swelling triggered by blood clots.
Calamus has actually been utilized extensively in paranormal medication to treat mental disorders and epilepsy. Take equivalent quantities of dried calamus root, haritaki, asafetida, long pepper, black pepper, and ginger and grind it into an excellent paste and utilize it as a medicine for epilepsy.
20. Serve as the very best Antidote
The spontaneous processes of the body can be affected due to different negative results. To regulate these processes, you can use the root of Calamus because it serves as the very best Remedy. Some animal and test-tube study proof that utilizing this alternative can neutralize the negative effects of all psychedelics.
Take In Vasambu (Calamus) Internally
Mix about 5 g of Vasambu Powder in about 100 ml of water and boil it for a couple of minutes. When the water is warmed, the contents ought to be filtered and taken independently. Drink this water prior to breakfast and after dinner.
Mix the Calamus paste with honey and give to the baby. It is an effective remedy for loose movements.
The Calamus root beads are connected like a bracelet that is utilized for infants. It cures indigestion and throwing up issues when the infants smell the roots. Moreover, the smell of the Vasambu assists the babies to speak earlier and cures speechless issues.
Use Vasambu (Calamus) Externally
Mix the Calamus powder with turmeric powder and use them to your face that cures pimple issues.
Vasambu is used in the treatment of dandruff in Ayurvedic.
Burn the Vasambu till it relies on black in color, then swipe it in water, and make a paste-like consistency of kajal. Apply this as binding on cheeks, foreheads, and feet. Applying this paste on the infant’s navel alleviates stomach problems. 
How To Plant, Prune, Fertilize, Water, Grow And Care For Acorus Sugary Food Flag Plants
Here’s a breakdown of what you require to know concerning planting and caring for Acorus sweet flag plants …
As discussed above, some Acorus varieties prefer a regularly wet to boggy soil while others like a drier, well-drained soil. You’ll find these specific light and wetness requirements on this any Acorus in this website.
Soil pH is a measurement of the alkalinity or level of acidity of soil, which is measured on a scale of 1-14, with 7 as the neutral mark. Any measurement listed below 7 suggests acid soil conditions, and anything above 7 shows alkaline.
Acorus grow in soils varying from 5.5 to 6.5 on the pH scale. The majority of average garden soils fall between a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0.
If you’re uncertain about the pH of your soil, or whether it’s suitable for growing Acorus, it’s a good idea to check the soil pH in the planting area. You can quickly check soil pH with an affordable soil pH tester probe. To raise the pH (make more alkaline) you can add pelletized limestone to the soil. To lower the pH (make more acid) you can apply Soil Sulfur, Aluminum Sulfate, or Chelated Iron. Including natural garden compost to the soil or using garden compost as mulch can likewise help to increase acidity and keep acid soil conditions.
Many Acorus prefer a dubious to partly shaded website nevertheless some will tolerate more sun. Therefore, in design and prior to planting, it’s a great concept to know the sun and moisture needs of the specific Acorus range you plan on growing.
Planting Acorus In Garden Beds
- If you are not tilling the soil in the whole planting location, start by digging your planting hole at least 2 to 3 times as broad and just as deep as the height of the rootball of your plant. Location native soil gotten rid of from planting hole around the border of the hole, in a wheel barrow, or on a tarp. When planting in tilled soil just dig the planting hole the same size or a little larger than the rootball of the plant.
- Depending upon the type of Acorus you are planting and the level of soil wetness, you may require to modify the native soil. When planting in dense clay or poor soil it is often beneficial to thoroughly mix in some great organic matter, such as composted manure, homemade garden compost, sand, bagged leading soil, and/or a good planting mix at a 50/50 ratio with the clay soil.
- To remove your Acorus plant from the container it was growing in, squeeze the container with your hands to loosen the rootball and after that attempt to really gently lift and remove it from its container. Beware not to harm your plant when removing it from its container. If the rootball is stuck in the container use some snips to cut the container away. After having actually removed the plant from the container, use your finger ideas to gently loosen some feeder roots around the surface of the rootball.
- Set your plant in the planting hole so that the leading edge of the rootball is at or a little above ground level. If needed, you might require to add some of your soil mixture to the bottom of the hole to achieve proper planting depth.
- After setting your Acorus plant in the planting hole, use one hand to hold the plant directly and your other hand to begin back-filling your soil mixture around the root ball, tamping as you go to remove air pockets. When you have filled the hole to the middle you can soak the soil. Then continue back-filling to the top edge of the rootball.
- Next, deeply water the planting area, consisting of the root ball, to a depth equal to the height of the root ball.
- Spread a 1-inch layer of shredded or chipped wood mulch or pine straw around the planting location to save wetness and to suppress weed growth. As the mulch decays it will add important nutrients to the soil that your plants will appreciate. Prevent utilizing freshly broke or shredded wood for mulch until it has treated in a pile for at least 6 months, a year is better. Likewise avoid putting or piling mulch directly against the base of your plant as this might trigger the stems to rot.
Planting Acorus in a Container
Acorus add a grassy texture and great color to container gardens. Plant them alone in a pot or blend them with other plants that have comparable soil moisture and sun requirements. Some ranges value a drier soil while others like a regularly wet or boggy soil. A lot of like part shade nevertheless some will endure full to mainly sun. For that reason, in style and before planting, it’s a great idea to know the sun and moisture needs of the particular Acorus varieties you intend on growing. You’ll discover these particular light and wetness needs on any and every plant page in the Wilson Bros Gardens website.
When growing in pots, I recommend using a superior quality potting mix and a container that has drain holes. If the range of Acorus you are planting likes a lot of moisture in the soil, you can replace the potting mix with a potting soil.
Make sure to pick a container that is big enough to enable 2 to 3 years of development before moving approximately a larger size container. This might indicate your planting pot would be 4 inches or more in width than the root ball of your plant. If you will be planting other plants in the same container with your Acorus up the size of the container.
Container color will matter too. Not just will you want to choose a color of container that goes well with the foliage color of your Acorus, you’ll also wish to choose a container that matches the design of your home or other structures and other plants in the surrounding environment.
Many nursery & & garden centers provide a wide array of containers to select from. Before going out to purchase a container take images of your home and the surrounding environment. Doing so will assist you to pick simply the best color and style.
Container Planting Recommendations
- Prior to filling your container with the soil mix, we suggest lining the bottom with shade cloth or a porous landscape fabric. This will keep the drain holes from becoming stopped up with soil. Using gravel in the bottom of the container does not work well as roots will grow through the gravel and block the drain holes.
- To eliminate your Acorus plant from the container it was growing in, squeeze the container with your hands to loosen the rootball and after that attempt to extremely gently lift and remove it from its container. Take care not to harm your plant when removing it from its container. If the rootball is stuck in the container utilize some snips to cut the container away. After having removed the plant from the container, use your finger suggestions to carefully loosen up some feeder roots around the surface of the rootball.
- Pour a small amount of your soil mix in the bottom of the container. Set the rootball of your plant in the container and make necessary changes by including or eliminating some soil so that the leading edge of the root ball will sit 1/2″ to 1″ listed below the rim of the container.
- Backfill with your potting soil around root ball, tamping as you go, till the level of potting soil is even with the leading edge of root ball.
- Water completely till water begins to drain pipes from the holes in the bottom of the container. Add more potting mix if settling occurs throughout watering.
- Use a 1/2″ layer of bark chips or sphagnum moss to soil surface area to assist conserve wetness.
Feeding Acorus Sweet Flag
Acorus plants are light feeders that require little if any fertilizer. Unlike yard grasses that require regular applications of high-nitrogen fertilizer, Acorus would choose an annual feeding in late spring or early winter with a natural or natural plant food. Additionally, a slow-release low-nitrogen fertilizer can be used.
Watering Acorus Plants
At planting time, deep soak the soil around the rootball, consisting of the rootball, to a depth equal to the height of the rootball. Thereafter, depending upon the requirements of the wetness requirements of a specific Acorus range, water as needed based upon weather. Keep in mind that the soil in containers and pots will dry quicker than ground soil. Check soil moisture often by touching the soil with your finger ideas. Ultimately you’ll familiarize when your plants could utilize some water.
Pruning Acorus Plants
A lot of Acorus are evergreen throughout the majority of their growing variety and will require little if any pruning. Where not evergreen, foliage should be cut to the ground and eliminated in late winter prior to new growth starts to emerge. Even in areas where Acorus are evergreen, after an unusually cold winter that damages or blemishes foliage, plants need to be tidied up, cut down or trimmed by two-thirds their height. 
When taken by mouth: Calamus is LIKELY UNSAFE. The FDA forbids calamus use in food products since three of the four types of calamus discovered in the world include a cancer-causing chemical called beta-asarone. However, the quantity of beta-asarone can differ widely amongst types from 0% to 96%, so some items may be much safer than others. The most common adverse effects from calamus is throwing up. Fast heart rate and slowed digestive tract motions have likewise been reported.
When applied to the skin: There isn’t enough trusted details to understand if calamus is safe or what the negative effects might be. 
Special Preventative Measures and Warnings
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Calamus is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth during pregnancy or breast-feeding. Prevent use.
Heart disease: Calamus might reduce high blood pressure and heart rate. In theory, big amounts of calamus might worsen heart problems in some people with heart disease.
Low blood pressure: Calamus might lower high blood pressure. In theory, taking calamus may make high blood pressure end up being too low in individuals with low blood pressure.
Surgery: Calamus can impact the main nervous system. It might trigger too much drowsiness if combined with medications utilized during and after surgery. If you are using calamus despite safety issues, stop utilizing it a minimum of 2 weeks prior to a scheduled surgery. 
Use of calamus and its extracts is prohibited in the US. Clinical studies that offer information on therapeutic does are doing not have. Storage of the root results in a loss in potency. 
Not for usage except under the supervision of a professional certified in the suitable use of this substance. We recommend that you seek advice from a certified healthcare professional before using herbal products, especially if you are pregnant, nursing, or on any medications. 
Although, this research studies supports the various pharmacological activities of Sweet flag great deal of scientific experiments will have to be performed in future to exploit the complete prospective activities of this crop and this plant types has to appropriately identified and conserved to prevent the extinct condition.